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杨吉辉英语工作室

学英语没有捷径,只有不断的努力。加油!你会成功的。

 
 
 

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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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2010年陕西省高考英语新题型-信息匹配题练习  

2010-01-04 20:44:47|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                                 (1)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training, find out about new technological development, seek better self-understanding, or develop new talents and skills.

2、______

  This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence(函授) courses, or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges, study groups, workshops, clubs, and professional associations.

3、______

  Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution. Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities: new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system. These and other factors produced a need for further education and reeducation of adults.

4、______

  The earliest program of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s, with the founding of an adult school at Nottingham and a mechanics’ institute at Glasgow. The earliest adult education institution in the United States was founded by Benjamin Franklin and some friends in Philadelphia in 1727.

5、______

  People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example, parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs. Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs.

A.     Social background for the Development of Adult Education

B.      What is the present situation?

C.      The purposes in Adult Education

D.     Ways of Adult Education

E.      The history of Adult Education

F.      What is Adult Education

 

                           (2)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Paris, the capital and the largest city of the country, is in north central France. The Paris metropolitan area contains nearly 20% of the nation’s population and is the economic, cultural, and political center of France. The French government have historically favored the city as the site for all decision making, thus powerfully attracting nearly all of the nation’s activities.

2、______

  Paris has grown steadily since it was chosen as the national capital in the late 10th century. With the introduction of the Industrial Revolution, a great number of people moved to the city from the country during the 19th century. The migration was especially stimulated by the construction of railroads, which provided easy access to the capital. After World War II more and more immigrants arrived.

3、______

  The city is the centralized control point of most national radio and television broadcasting. It is a place of publication of the most prestigious(有威望的)newspapers and magazines and an international book publishing center. With more than 100 museums, Paris has truly one of the greatest concentrations of art treasures in the world. The Louvre, opened as a museum in 1793, is one of the largest museums in the world.

4、______

  In the late 1980s about 4.1 million pupils annually attended about 47,000 elementary schools. In addition, about 5.4 million students attended some 11,200 secondary schools. Approximately 1.2 million students were enrolled annually at universities and colleges in France in the late 1980s. French centers of learning have served as academic models throughout the world.

5、______

  Paris is the leading industrial center of France, with about one quarter of the nation’s manufacturing concentrated in the metropolitan area. Industries of consumers goods have always been drawn to Paris by the enormous market of the big population; and modern, high-technology industries also have become numerous since World War II. Chief manufactures are machinary, automobiles, chemicals and electrical equipment.

A.     The Introduction of Paris

B.      Culture of Paris

C.      The Population Growth in Paris

D.     The Production of Paris

E.      The Education in Paris

F.      The Industries in Paris

 

                             (3)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Some scholars have associated trade unions with the medieval craft guilds(中世纪的行会), but there are important differences between the two. The guild members were masters craftsmen who owned capital and often employed workers. Unions are known as associations of workers with similar skills.

2、______

  In the past, individual worker had no control over the conditions of their working lives; political and economic power was concentrated in the hands of wealthy business owners. Workers found, however, that there was strength in uniting. From their earliest years, union objectives have been higher wages and improved working conditions.

3、______

  Employers resisted, of course. They made great efforts to stop union organizing its activities. Union members were fired, workers were forced to sign contracts in which they promised not to join a union, and companies hired strike-breakers(罢工破坏者)and even gunmen to frighten organizers.

4、______

  One of the earliest successful labour organizations in the United States was the Knights of Labour, founded in 1869. The Knights, which included both skilled and unskilled workers, attempted to organize all workers into one great union. After it successfully struck the Wabash railroad owned by Jay Gould in 1885, its popularity and power grew dramatically. In 1886 the Knights had 700,000 members.

5、______

  The decline of the Knights of Labour, however, came quickly. The strike against Gould was gradually broken, and the Knights radical positions on social issues cost them public support. In the end, a lack of unity as well as the rapid inflow of unskilled immigrants weakened the union’s economic power, and the organization came to an end.

A.     The Development of an Early Union.

B.      Support from the Public.

C.      The Decline of an Early Union.

D.     A Brief Comparison between the Union and the Medieval Craft Guilds.

E.      Management’s Reaction to the Labour Movement.

F.      Reasons for starting a Union.

 

                                     (4)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

We feel sorry for the loss of any life, even those who deserve to be executed for their crimes. And the death of Akmal Shaikh, a British national who was executed on Tuesday, is no exception.

2、______

 Despite Beijing's valiant attempt to reduce road traffic by increasing the availability and affordability of public transport, this policy has only met with limited success, as there is no visible sign of a decrease in cars on the road.

3、______

Instead of being praised for being the first to have a substantial fiscal stimulus to regenerate domestic and global economic growth, China is now being blamed for maintaining the yuan's peg with the US dollar.

4、______

  The United States and the European Union swear by free trade but keep on slapping unreasonable tariff on China-made products. What's the reason behind their double standards?

5、______

  Asia has rebounded fast from the depth of the global crisis. Initially, the region was hit extremely hard, with output in most countries shrinking by much more than even those nations at the epicenter of the crisis.

A、Solving the twin problems

B、 Rebuilding the globe after double trouble

C、 Justice served right

D、Why are US and EU adopting double standards on free trade?

E、 Asia faces two economic challenges - IMF

F、 A triumphant decade

 

                                       (5)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

 

Fabio Capello intends to bring David Beckham to the World Cup if the midfielder plays regularly at AC Milan.

2、______

 

Ding Junhui won the UK Championship in Telford by beating world champion John Higgins 10-8 in the best of 19 frame final.

3、______

 

Guo Shuang's chances of winning gold at the 2012 Games had ben substantially increased.

4、______

  Tiger Woods had to be a happy man as he settled into a seat on his private jet for the long flight home from Australia. His successful comeback year was all but complete, and the rapturous reception he received Down Under was a pleasant reminder of his status as the most sought-after athlete in the world.

5、______

World number two Rafael Nadal believes he is in better shape for the start of the 2010 tennis season than he was this year despite having a relatively short time to prepare.

A、Two weeks that shattered the legend of Tiger Woods

B、Nadal feels in better shape for 2010 season

C、Gold Hopeful

D、It's Ding Again

E、Beck is Wanted

F、Ethiopians win Xiamen Marathon

 

                                      (6)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Population growth is determined by the relationship between births and deaths. The growth rate is calculated by the birth rate minus the death rate. If the birth rate is 4%, for example, and the death rate is 3%, the population growing at rate of 1% per year.

2、______

  Historically, families had many children, but average life expectancies are low and many children died young. Improvements in nutrition and public health programs in the past 30 years have led to a drop in the mortality rate and hence to more rapid population growth.

3、______

  Public health programs and improved nutrition over the past 30 years have brought about declines in mortality rates in the developing nations. But fertility rates(出生率)have not declined as quickly, and the result has been high rates of population growth. Reduced population growth depends to some extent on decreased birth rates.

4、______

  Family planning and modern forms of birth control are important mechanisms for decreasing fertility, but by themselves such programs have had rather limited success in most countries where they have been tried. If family planning strategies are to be successful, they must make sense to the people who are supposed to benefit from them.

5、______

  To a great extent, in developing countries people want large families because they believe they need them. In some societies, children are important sources of farm labor, and they may thus make significant contributions to household income. In societies without any social security programs for the aged, children may also provide a vital source of income for their old parents.

A、Reasons for Having Large Families in Some Countries.

B、 Calculation of Population Growth.

C、 Efforts Made to Lower the Mortality Rate(死亡率)

D、High Fertility Rates in Developing Countries.

E、 Low Fertility Rates in Developed Countries.

F、 Birth Control Programs.

 

                                     (7)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Married people know they must adjust to one another to make their marriage successful, and that adjustments require thoughtfulness, co-operation, and sacrifices of some personal desires. Through the ages, however, people in all lands have found that these adjustments are very little to pay for the lifetime rewards of a happy marriage.

2、______

  Some countries, such as England and Switzerland, require that banns(结婚预告), or public notices of a proposed marriage, be announced. In most civilized countries couples must get a license to marry. Most states require a blood test or a general check-up before granting a license.

3、______

  Wedding and marriage are not the same. The wedding is the ceremony that marks the beginning of a marriage. The basic element of marriage is the “consensus(意见一致) in the marriage ceremony---that is, the mutual agreement of the two people to be married.

4、______

  The history of marriage may be as old as that of the man and family. In ancient times the man’s family often provided presents for all the relatives of the girl. If the gifts were favorably received, the man would be given the woman he wanted.

5、______

  Marriage has developed through three stages. At first it was simply mating. The second stage gradually developed the legal process and moral obligations, and the rights of each mate began to be defined. The third stage stresses ethical(道德的) rights.

A、The Long History of Marriage.

B、 Three Historical Stages of Marriage.

C、 Small Pay for a Happy Marriage.

D、Requirements for Marriage.

E、 Wedding and Marriage Ceremonies.

F、 Reasons for Marriage.

 

                                     (8)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Before you argue with your boss, check with the boss’s secretary to determine his mood. If he ate nails for breakfast, it is not a good idea to ask him for something. Even without the boss’s secretary, there are keys to timing: don’t approach the boss when he’s on deadline; don’t go in right before lunch, when he is apt to be distracted and rushed; don’t go in just before or after he has taken a vacation.

2、______

  If you are mad, that will only make your boss mad. Calm down first. And don’t let a particular concern open the floodgates for all your accumulated frustration. The boss will feel that you think negatively about the company and it is hopeless trying to change your mind. Then, maybe he will dismiss you.

3、______

  Terrible disputes can result when neither the employer nor the employee knows what is the problem the other wants to discuss. Sometimes the fight will go away when the issues are made clear. The employee has to get his point across clearly in order to make the boss understands it.

4、______

  Your boss has enough on his mind without your adding more. If you can’t put forward an immediate solution, at least suggest how to approach the problem. People who frequently present problems without solutions to their bosses may soon find they can’t get past the secretary.

5、______

  To deal effectively with a boss, it’s important to consider his goals and pressure. If you can put yourself in the position of being a partner to the boss, then he will be naturally more inclined to work with you to achieve your goals.

A、Argue with Your Boss Everything You Want.

B、 Make the Issues Clear.

C、 Watch your timing.

D、Don’t Go in When You Are Angry.

E、 Propose Your Solution

F、 Put Yourself in the Boss’s Position

 

                                     (9)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Most of us can find 15 minutes or half an hour each day for some specific regular activity. For example, one famous surgeon always made it a rule to spend at least 15 minutes on general reading before he went to sleep each day. Whether he went to bed at 10 p.m. or 2:30 a.m. made no difference.

2、______

  Nearly all ‘speed reading’ courses have a ‘pacing’ element---some timing device which lets the students know how many words a minutes he is reading. You can do this simply by looking at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes and noting down the page number you have reached.

3、______

  Obviously there is little point in increasing your reading speed if you do not understand what you are reading. If you find you have lost the thread of the story, or you can’t remember clearly the details of what was said, re-read the section or chapter.

4、______

  Take four or five pages of an interesting book you happen to be reading at the time. Read them as fast as you possibly can. Do not bother about whether you understand or not. After a ‘lightning speed’ of reading, you will usually find that your ‘normal’ speed has increased.

5、______

  Most paragraphs in an article have a ‘topic sentence’ which expresses the central ideas. The opening paragraph often suggests the general direction and content of the piece, while paragraphs that follow expand or support the first. The closing paragraph often summarizes the very essence(实质) of what has been said.

A、Pay Attention to the Organization of an Article.

B、 Check Your Understanding.

C、 Lightning Speed Exercise

D、Set Aside Time Each Day.

E、 Check Your Progress through Pacing

F、 Speed up When Necessary.

 

                                  (10)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  The ancient Greeks were very good at making conversations, and the greatest talker of them all was philosopher Socrates. His pupil, Plato, recorded some of his supposed conversations, and we read them in ‘The dialogues’ of Plato. In many classrooms today, Socrates’ method of teaching is used.

2、______

  The best talkers appear to have a great interest in and love for their fellow creatures; a curiosity about the world in general; some powers of observation and reflection; respect for their own opinions and tolerance for those of others; and quick thinking. And they talked for the fun of it, not to show off their knowledge.

3、______

  A good voice must have the help of good speech, whose two assistants are clear enunciation(清晰发音)and correct pronunciation. Poor enunciation may suggest to your listeners that you lack consideration, and that you are not especially concerned about their opinion of you.

4、______

  Pronunciation is settled by common agreement of the community or group speaking the particular language or dialect. For standard pronunciation of words, a dictionary is your best friend. The usage of words is somewhat the same as pronunciation. To be accurate in your use of words is very important in your conversation. Dictionaries usually provide the usage of words. So whenever you meet with new words, it is a good idea to look them up in the dictionary.

5、______

  Think of meeting a stranger as a chance to have a good time to talk, to make a friend. Look with a smile directly into the other’s eyes when you are introduced, and shake hands with a firm, friendly clasp. This will give you confidence. Then try to have a smooth and pleasant conversation with him.

A、One Important Factor in Conversation

B、 It’s not Difficult to Talk Well.

C、 A Famous Master of the Art

D、Pronunciation and Usage

E、 What Makes a Good Talker

F、 Talk with Strangers

 

                                      (11)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

"Avatar" continued to storm the box office on Sunday, passing the one-billion-dollar mark in worldwide revenues, according to newly-released figures.

The Fox Studios movie is again this weekend box office champ with 68.3 million dollars in projected sales, Hollywood.com estimated.

2、______

The chilly temperatures have not been able to stop people in China from shopping during the three-day New Year holiday. Excited consumers are everywhere, rushing to make a purchase.

3、______

Drivers are lifting the lid on the most dangerous race on the planet. Joan "Nani" Roma took the early lead in the 2010 Dakar Rally in Argentina.

4、______

China International Capital Corp (CICC) topped the rankings of the underwriters of China´s initial public offerings (IPOs) in 2009, making an estimated 1.23 billion yuan from fees, Bloomberg data showed.

5、______

 

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, whose capital is Nanning, is located in southern China, and is known as the bright green pearl of the country. Characterized by a rich array of ethnic customs, Guangxi is a spectacular region for sightseeing.

A、Path to Dreamy Paradise

B、CICC named top underwriter for China´s IPOs

C、Casteu, Roma take early Dakar lead

D、Chinese crazy about shopping over holiday

E、Avatar" rakes in more than 1 billion dollars worldwide

F、Sea of Boats Attracting Tourists

 

                                (12)

下面有五段文字,每段文字说明一个主题。其主题或标题可以用一句话或一个短语表示,把短文后六个小标题(A—F)与文章中所标出的五个段落(1-5)匹配起来,A—F中有一个选项为多余选项。

1、______

  Architecture is to building as literature to the printed word. The best buildings are often so well constructed that they outlast their original use. They then survive not only as beautiful objects, but as documents of the history of cultures. These achievements are never wholly the work of individuals. Architecture is a social art.

2、______

  The Renaissance brought about an entirely new age, not only in philosophy and literature but in the visual arts as well. In architecture, the principles and styles of ancient Greece and Rome were brought back to life and reinterpreted(重新诠释). They remain dominant until the 20th century.

3、______

Many kinds of stone are used as building materials. Stone and marble were chosen for important monuments because they are not burnable and can be expected to endure. Stone architecture was often blended with stone sculpture. The use of stone has declined, however, because a number of other materials are more adaptable to industrial use.

4、______

  The complexity of modern life calls for a variety of building. More people live in mass housing and go to work in large office buildings; they spend their income in large shopping centers, send their children to many different kinds of schools, and when they are sick they go to specialized hospitals and clinics. All these different types of building accumulated experiences needed by their designers.

5、______

  By the middle of the 20th century, modern architecture, which was influenced by new technology and mass production, was dealing with increasingly complex social needs. Important characteristics of modern architectural works are expanses of glass and the use of reinforced concrete(钢筋混凝土). Advances in elevator technology, air conditioning, and electric lighting have all had important effects.

A、One Kind of Building Material

B、 Factors That Influenced Modern Architecture

C、 More Kinds of Buildings as a Result of Modern Life

D、The Achievements in Architecture as an Art

E、 Restoration(复兴) of Ancient Civilization

F、 Stone and Marble Are Good Building Materials

 

 

参考答案

(1)CDAEB    (2) ACBEF    (3)DFEAC    (4)CABDE    (5)EDCAB

(6)BCDFA    (7)CDEAB    (8)CDBEF      (9) DEBCA      (10) CEADF

 (11) EDCBA    (12)DEACA

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