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杨吉辉英语工作室

学英语没有捷径,只有不断的努力。加油!你会成功的。

 
 
 

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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高中英语选修7第二单元重点、难点  

2010-04-23 14:54:11|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires? (P10)你认为机器人有可能有自己的需要和欲望吗?

关键透析desires: a strong wish or hope,愿望,欲望,心愿。

用法归纳

1)n. 愿望,渴求

He expressed a desire for the documents. 他表示想要这些文件

have a desire for sth./to do sth.渴望得到某物/希望做某事

at one’s desire照某人的希望

2)渴望,期望

desire sth.                 渴望,想要某物

desire to do sth.            希望做

desire sb. to sth.            希望某人做

desire that                 期望---

We all desire health and happiness.      我们都渴望幸福和健康

联想拓展

desirable adj.值得要的,令人满意的,称心的。

It’s desirable for you to be present.= It’s desirable that you(should)be present. 

希望你能出席。

2) Everyone has a desire for success, but not everyone desire to get rich.

每个人都渴望成功,但并非人人都渴望金钱。

3) He desires you to go to see him at once.他要求你马上去见他。

=he desires that you should go to see him at once.

特别提示当desire作动词或名词后接名词性从句时,从句的谓语动词用虚拟语气(should)+动词原形,且should可以省略。

2. Satisfaction Guaranteed. (P11) 包君满意。

关键透析 satisfaction   n.满意

At last, the whole class found satisfaction in their work. 最终,全班都对他们的工作感到满意。

用法归纳

satisfactory n. 满意的,

satisfy v. 满足, 使满意,

demand satisfaction要求赔偿;

feel satisfaction at  ... 对感到满意

find satisfaction in对...感到满意

to sb.'s satisfaction (to the satisfaction of sb.)达到使某人满意的程度

with satisfaction满意地

What he promised could not satisfy his family.他的许诺并未能使他的家人满意。

3.It was going to be tested out by Larry’s wife, Clair. (P11)

这项实验将由拉里的夫人克莱尔来尝试

关键透析test out  考验;试验

This model had been tested out before it was put into production.

这个型号经过试验后才进行大批量生产。

Before the lecture, the professor is used to testing out the whole experiment.

上课前,这个教授习惯先将整个实验试验一番。

联想拓展

test on sb./sth.在……(身上)做实验/试验

have/take a test in  参加……考试

4. Claire didn’t want the robot in her house, especially as her husband would be absent for three weeks, but Larry persuaded her that the robot wouldn’t harm her or allow her to be harmed. (P11)

克莱尔并不想把机器人留在家里,特别是在她丈夫离加三周的这个期间。但是,克莱尔被拉里说服了。他说,机器人不会伤害她,也不会让别人来伤害她。

关键透析 to be harmed:动词不定式的被动语态。

1) All these gifts must be mailed immediately so as to be received in time for the Spring Festival.              所有的这些礼物必须及时邮寄,以便在春节及时收到。

2) It remains to be seen whether Max’ll be fit enough to play in the finals.                          Max最后是否适合演出仍将拭目以待。

5. However, when she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed. (P11)

关键透析alarm   n.警报  vt.使```惊恐

We were much alarmed by the fire in our officet. 办公室火使我们大为惊慌。

用法归纳

give /raise the alarm发警报

ring the alarm敲警钟

sound the alarm发警报; 吹警报号

take (the) alarm at对...感到吃惊; 因...而惊恐

be alarmed at ... 被...吓一跳

The moment he saw the smoke, he sounded the alarm. 看见火灾爆发,他鸣响了警报。

6. Clair thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot. (P11) 克莱尔觉得,机器人也会向她表示同情,这有点儿荒唐可笑。

关键透析sympathy   n.同情(不可数)

He gave the poor children some money out of sympathy.出于同情,他给了这个穷孩子们一点钱。

He is in sympathy with their beliefs. 他与他们的信仰一致.

用法归纳

feel /have sympathy for 同情某人

in sympathy with同情; 赞成; 和...一致

out of sympathy with对...不同情; 不赞成; 对...没有同感, 和...不一致

win sympathy of博得...的同情

7. As he was not allowed to accompany her to the shops, he wrote a list for her. (P11)     因为不允许托尼陪克莱尔去商店,所以托尼就给她写了一份购物清单。

关键透析Accompany:vt伴随,陪同

Thunders accompanied by heavy rain in this season are very common.

这个季节,雷鸣常常伴有大雨。

用法归纳

vt.1)伴随,陪同

accompany sb. to sp.    陪某人到某地

I want you to accompany me to the office.

accompany sth. with/by sth. 与…同时存在

He accompanied his father to the hospital to see what’s wrong with his legs。

他陪他的父亲去医院查看腿部出了什么问题。

2)(尤指用钢琴)为---伴奏

accompany  sb. at/on sth.     (尤指用钢琴)为---伴奏

be accompanied by            由---伴奏

Lang Lang accompanied her on the piano.   朗朗为她钢琴伴奏。

联想拓展

accompaniment         n.  伴奏,伴随发生的事情

To the accompaniment of sth. 在某物的伴奏下,在某物发生时

8.       She rang Tony up and told the clerk to speak to him. (P11)

她就打电话给托尼,让售货员和托尼说话。

关键透析ring up  打电话给……

The moment he got up this morning , he found his Wallet gone.

今早他刚起床就有人给他打电话了。

用法归纳

ring back回电话

ring off 挂断电话;停止讲话

ring a bell唤醒经常是模糊的记忆

ring up the curtain 开始:开始一场演出,一个事件或一次行动

1) I have to ring off now because my mother is waiting for me.我妈妈在等我,我得挂电话了。

2) On arriving at the UK, he rang up his family to say everything was ok.

一到英国,他就打电话给他家报平安。

9. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern(P11).

当他转过身时,(她发现)Gladys站在那儿。

关键透析there stood Gladys Claffern倒装句。在谓语为动词go, come, run, stand, live等表示位置转移的动词及be动词的句子中,为了强调句子中一些副词there, here, up, down, in, out, away等,可将副词置于句首,若这时主语是名词,句子用全倒装;若是代词,则不用倒装。

1) There comes the teacher and her students.老师和她的学生们来了。

2) Out rushed the boys.男孩们冲了出去。

10. Clair knew that Gladys thought she was having an affair. (P11)                   

克莱尔知道,格拉迪斯认为她有风流韵事儿了。

关键透析Affair n. 事,事务;暧昧关系,私通

How I spend my money is my affair.  我如何用钱时我自己的事

They are accused of interfering with North Karea’s internal affairs.

他们被指责干涉朝鲜的内政。

易混辨析

affair, matter, business, thing

affair “事情,事件”泛指已做或待做的事;也指商业事务和政府的日常事务。

matter“事情,事” 常指要给与注意和考虑要处理的事情

business“事情,事务”用作不可数名词常指所派的任务、职责,有时是指派的工作或商业上的买卖活动

thing“事情,事”无论大小、好坏通称为thing,为普通用词;不指专门事务;复数things有“情况,形式”的意思

Things are getting worse and worse with us.   形式对我们越来越不利

联想拓展

Current affairs时事政治

public affairs公共事务

foreign affairs外交事务。

11. ....He suggested that she invite Gladys and her friends to the house the night before he was to leave and Larry was to return.

  ......他建议在他即将离开和拉里回来之前,她应该邀请格拉迪斯和她的朋友们来做客

关键透析suggest that sb.(should) do sth.   建议某人做某事

The judge suggested that the prisoner (should) be set free.

法官建议这个犯人应予以释放

It is suggested that the experiment should be carried out under low temperature.

有人建议实验要在低温下进行

The doctor insisted that he (should)stop smoking.

医生坚持要他戒烟

The chairman requested that no one be told of his decision until the next meeting.

主席要求下次开会前不要向任何人透漏他的决定

The committee commanded that work on the building should cease.

委员会下令那座大楼必须停建

联想拓展

Suggest 做建议讲时,其后宾语从句的谓语动词才用(should)do形式。但当suggest做暗示;表明讲时后面的宾语从句的谓语动词形式依据句子具体情况可用各种时态

Insist 表示坚持某人该如何做,只有此意时才用(should)do结构。Insist表示强调事实或经验看法等;其宾语从句的谓语动词的形式与主句的谓语动词形式保持一致

I suggest we have dinner first ,and then go to the movie.

我建议我们先吃晚饭,而后看电影

Are you seriously suggesting she did this purposely?

说正经的,你的意思是她故意这样做的?

I insisted that he was innocent and that he be set free at once..

我坚持认为他是清白的,应该被马上释放。

特别提示

建议某事;suggest sth.

建议(某人)做某事; suggest(one’s)doing sth.

从句谓语用should do 形式,should 可省略

Suggest 作表明,提示讲时,多跟从句,从句用陈述语态

I suggest a visit to the theatre.  我建议去看戏。

My uncle suggested (my) getting a job in a high-tech company.

我叔叔建议我在高科技公司找个工作。

Presently he made the suggestion that they carry on their conversation in Chinese.

不久他建议他们继续用汉语交谈。

His suggestion is that the wounded should be sent to hospital immediately.

他的建议是马上伤员送往医院。

The sight of the snakes suggested a new idea for a new robot..

蛇的形态启发人类设计新型的机器人。

12. What a sweet wictory to be envied by those women. (P11)                           

 受到那些女士的嫉妒,这该是多么甜美的胜利。

关键透析 envy:Vt 羡慕

All her workmates envied her (for) her promotion.所有的同事都羡慕她的晋升。

联想拓展

envy sb. sth.妒忌/羡慕某人某物

become the envy of sb.成为令人嫉妒/羡慕的事物

be in envy of one’s success羡慕某人的成功

out of envy出于嫉妒/羡慕

His talent for music becomes the envy of the other competitors.

他在音乐方面的天分让其他人对手感到羡慕。

13.   She cried out Tony and then heard him declare that he didn’t want to leave her the next day. (P11)

关键透析declare vt.宣布

)Soon they will declare him the owner of the villa.很快他们就会宣布他为别墅的主人。

用法归纳

declare sth.宣布……

declare sb./sth. (to be) +n./adj.宣布……为……

declare that

declare war on/upon对…宣战

declare against/for…声明反对/赞成

1) She declared that she didn't want to see me again. 她宣称她再也不愿见到我。

2 The government passed a law that declared it illegal to catch and sell rare animals.

政府通过法律宣布捕捉贩卖稀有动物是非法的。

14. She shouted” Leave me alone ”and ran to her bed. (P12)她高声嚷着:“让我独自待一会儿!”就跑上床。

关键透析Leave … alone

1)不打扰,不惊动(leave sb. alone)

Leaving him alone, we start out at once.

2)不碰,不变动,不移动(leave sth. alone)

I’ve told you before---leave my thing alone!

联想拓展

Phrases: leave behind  留下,使---落后Leave for  动身去------Leave off  停止,结束

Leave out 省略,忘掉Leave...aside 搁置一边,不予考虑Leave it with me 把这事留给我吧

       Leave sth.for sb. 把某物递交给某人 leave behind 留下,遗留

1) Leave him alone and he will get the job done. 别打扰他,他会完成这项工作的。

2) He was asked to leave for another country in 24 hours.他被要求24小时内离开到另一个国家去。

3) The teacher required us to leave out some unnecessary words in our essays.                      老师让我们将论文中不必要的词语省去。

4) You shouldn’t have left Larry alone in the bathroom; it was very dangerous.                     你不该将Larry留在浴室,因为那非常危险。

She knew that she had left childhood behind.

   她知道童年已经一去不复返了

14.   He felt happy when his boss stated that he could set aside some time for exercise. (P13)

当他的老板说他可以留出一些时间锻炼时,他感到非常的高兴。

关键透析set aside 将......放到一边;节省或保留(钱或时间);暂时不考虑

He set all suggestions aside.  所有的建议他都置之不理

联想拓展

Phrases: set down 记下,写下set off  动身,爆炸set out 出发,开始做某事

set up 创立,建立,竖起set aside为某种目的留出,拨出(金钱、时间)符合

set down写下,记下set off开始动身(for a place)set up创立,建立,搭起

set out出发,着手做某事(to do sth.)set about doing 着手做,开始做……

1) Would you please set aside some time to listen to my real idea?你可以腾出点时间听听我的想法吗?

2) The team set aside the things they were doing and concentrated on a more urgent task.             这个团队的成员放下手头的事情,全力以赴一项更紧急的任务.

15.   Who said that making a robot so much like a man was bound to cause trouble. (P16)

 他说制作出这么像人的机器人一定会引起麻烦的。

 关键透析be bound to 一定做……

1) We missed the bus. We're bound to be late.我们错过了那趟车,我们肯定要迟到了。

2) She's bound to be mayor.她注定会成为市长。

16.   Asimov began having stories published in science fiction magazines in 1939. (P16)

1939年,阿西莫夫开始在科幻杂志上发表文章。

关键透析have sth. done 表示“请某人做某事”,或“遭遇到某事”(宾语与宾补为被动关系)

have sb. do让某人做……

have sb./sth. doing让……不停地做……

1) We had our photo taken by a passer-by.我们请了个过路人给我们照相。

2) Be careful. It’s easy to have your pocket picked on a crowd bus.

小心点,在拥挤的公交车上很容易被偷。

3) The boss has us doing the same thing all day. It’s boring.老板让我们整天做同样的事情,真乏味

4) As you have never been there before, I’ll have someone show you the way.                      既然你以前没去过,那我找人带你去。

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