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杨吉辉英语工作室

学英语没有捷径,只有不断的努力。加油!你会成功的。

 
 
 

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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高中英语选修7第五单元重点、难点  

2010-04-23 15:13:39|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. Keep it up, Xie Lei. (P38) 谢蕾,再接再厉。

关键透析Keep it up 不松劲,坚持下去

在这个短语中,it本身词义模糊,只是帮助构成习语,类似的还有take it easy (别着急) So it seems. (好像如此) you will make it (你会成功的)等。

  If only she could keep it up, she would break the world record.

  只要她坚持不懈,她就能打破世界记录。

  Keep working hard and you will make it some day.

  继续努力,总有一天你会成功的。

联想拓展

keep up 保持(不低落),使……高涨

  keep up with 跟上

  keep on doing / with sth 继续/反复做某事

  keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系

keep away from 躲开;避开

  keep sb /sth. out. 不让……进去,让……留在外面

  keep back 保留;扣下,阻止

2. Chinese student fitting in well. (P38) 中国学生适应能力强。

关键透析fit in (with...)相处融洽;适应

  The whole team work hard and fit in well. 全队成员工作努力,相处融洽。

  It is necessary for us to fit in with the new era. 我们必须与时俱进。

联想拓展

与fit相关的搭配

be fit for  胜任;适合;合格be fit to do sth. 适合做某事fit in with 适应;适合keep fit  保持健康

Sth fit sb 某物适合某人

3. Six months ago Xie Lei said goodbye to her family and friends in China and boarded a plane for London. (P38) 六个月前,谢蕾告别了她在中国的家人和朋友,登上了前往伦敦的飞机。

关键透析board vi. & vt. 登(飞机、车、船等)

We'd better board the ship now. 我们最好现在上船。

What time does my flight board? 我们是什么时候登机?

用法归纳

(1)board也可以用作名词,多用在on board这个短语中,表示“登上”。 on board后面可以跟表示交通工具的名词,也可以不跟。

◇He ran until he was on board a city bus. 他一路跑,直到他坐上一辆公共汽车。

◇There were about eighty passengers on board (the plane). 飞机上一共有约八十名乘客。

(2)aboard  adv.& prep. 在(飞机、车、船等)上

They went aboard (adv.). 他们上了船(火车或飞机)。

All aboard (adv.)! 上船(火车或飞机)

He was already aboard the plane. (prep.) 他已上飞机了。

所以:to go on board = to go aboard = to board a ship (plane/ train) 登上(飞机、车、船等)

(3)比较两组形似单词:

board-broad(adj.宽广的)     aboard-abroad(adv.国外,在国外)

联想拓展

above board           光明正大的

across the board        全面的,各阶层的

sweep the board        赢得所有的金钱、比赛等

go by the board         (计划、安排)全部失败

boarding card           登船证/登机证

boarding house         供食宿的宿舍

boarding school         寄宿学校

易混辨析

board  有两个词性:动词:上(船,车,飞机等);名词:木板,布告牌,膳食费用

aboard 有两个词性:介词:在(船,车,飞机等);副词:上(船,车,飞机等)

abroad 只能作副词,“在国外,到国外“

He boarded the bus.   他上了公共汽车

We must not take combustible goods aboard. 我们且不可带易燃品上车

4. It was the first time she had ever left her motherland. (P38) 这是她第一次离开祖国。

    关键透析

It is/was the +序数词 +that------句型

这是某人第几---------次做某事

It is the first time that I have come to the Great Wall.  这是我第一次到长城去。

联想拓展

It is (high/about) time for sb. to do sth.      到某人做某事的时间啦

It is time for sth.                        该做某事啦。

It is (high/about) time that+主语+虚拟语气(动词过去时)

The first time                          第一次(名词性短语,也可作连词)

It is time that I was going.                我该走了。

It is time for me to go.                     我该走了。

5. Xie Lei highly recommend it. (P38) 谢蕾非常看重预科课程。

关键透析

recommend vt. 推荐,介绍,建议,托付

recommend后接宾语从句时,从句谓语用 “(should)+动词原形”。

I recommend everyone (should) buy a dictionary.我提议每个人买一本词典。

联想拓展

recommend sb. sth. = recommend sth. to sb               向某人推介某物

recommend sb. to do sth                               劝某人做某事

recommend doing sth                                 建议某人做某事

recommend sb.= recommend---to sb.                     向某人推荐,介绍

recommend sb. for                                    推荐某人做-----

recommend sb. as                                     推荐某人为-----

recommend sth. for                                    推荐某物做某种用途

recommend doing                                     建议做---

recommend sb to do sth.                                建议某人做---

recommend that                                       建议说              

易混辨析

introduce 与recommend

两者都有介绍的意思。introduce 介绍与某人相识,常用句型introduce sb .to sb.

recommend 向某人介绍或推荐,侧重于个人倾向

recommend 后接不定式的复合结构;也可接doing 形式。 有类似用法的单词有:allow, advise, forbid, permit等

recommend 表示主观判断,通常引起虚拟的宾语从句,从句谓语动词用should+动词原型,should 可以省略。有类似用法的单词有:

advise,command,deside,demand,desire,insist,maintain,order,propose,require,suggest,urge,etc.

6. “It’s not just study that’s difficult. You have to get used to a whole new way of life, which can take up all your concentration in the beginning,” explained Xie Lei, who had lived in the same city in China all her life.(P38) “困难不仅仅只在学习方面,你还必须习惯于一种全新的生活方式,在一开始的时候这就会占据你的全部精力。”谢蕾解释说。她在中国时一直居住在同一城市。

 关键透析

get used to …

习惯做某事。后接名词或doing 形式,与be accustomed to 用法一样。

I don’t get used to getting up early.    我不习惯晚起。

易混辨析

used to do ,be used to do与be used to doing

三者看似相似,但意义差别很大

used to  在时间上主要是同现在相比,表明“过去经常做某事,现在不这样了” 其后接动词原型。

be used to do sth.   是use 的被动语态形式,“被用来做某事”。

be used to doing sth.强调习惯于做某事,其后接动名词或doing 形式

It’s not just study that’s difficult. 是一个强调句型。It + is / was ... + that ...

It was on the playground that our school sports meeting was held.

学校运动会是在操场举行的。

关键透析

take up 表示“占用”。

Important people do not often have much free time as their work takes up all their time.

重要人物一般没有多少空闲时间,因为工作占了他们的全部时间。

take up 还可表示“把……作为爱好,开始做”。如:

When did he take up smoking? 

他是什么时候开始吸烟的?

He took up French after he went to France 

他去了法国才开始学习法语。

To keep healthy, Professor Johnson took up cycling as a regular form of exercise after he retired.

为了保持健康,Johnson教授退休后开始骑脚踏车,以此作为一项常规锻炼。

特别提示

which can take up all your concentration in the beginning和who had lived in the same city in China all her life两句均为非限制性定语从句,分别补充说明前面的句子和名词。非限制性定语从句和主句的关系不十分密切,只是对先行词作附加的说明,如果去掉,主句的意思仍然清楚。这种从句和主句之间往往用逗号隔开,一般不用that来引导。

Albert Einstein left Germany for the United States during World War II, when Jews were badly treated in Germany.

第二次世界大战期间,爱因斯坦离开德国去了美国,那时犹太人在德国受到不好的对待。

7. It’s a great comfort to have a substitute family to be with. (P38)

和他们在一起给了我很大的安慰。

关键透析

comfort  n.[U] 舒适;舒服;安慰

n.[C] 令人安慰的人或事物 vt.安慰;抚慰

They had enough money to live in comfort in their old age.

他们有足够的钱舒舒服服地安度晚年。

8. First of all, I couldn’t write what other people have said without ackownledging them.

关键透析

acknowledge vt.承认;答谢;答谢意

The Republic candidate acknowledged having failed the election 共和党候选人承认竞选失败。

联想拓展

 (1) 接名词 (2) 只能接doing做宾语 (3) 接that 从句

9. Besides as far as he was concerned, what other people thought was not the most important thing. (P38) 此外,据我所知,该作者所知道的远比我多。

关键透析

As far as sb is concerned,就某人所知,

As far as I am concerned, he is the best student in our class.

据我所知,他是我们班最优秀的学生。

用法归纳

 Concern:vt&n

1)vt.to worry, to trouble, to bother 使人担忧,烦恼,打搅

2)vt.be the business of sb. ,affect, be important to 影响,对…要求

3) n.worry, anxiety担心、忧虑、焦急,常接for/about/over/that从句。

4) n.thing that is important or interesting to sb.对某人来说重要的或感兴趣的事物

联想拓展

】bother    v.  打搅             worry     v.   担心

(派)concernedly adv.担心地            concerning  prep.关于

Concerned   adj.担心的,烦恼的

as far as one concern     就某人而言      concern oneself with/in/about sth. 关心某事,忙于某事be concerned in sth.与某事有牵连     be concerned to do sth  把做某事视为自己的事

be concerned with sth. 与某事有关         be concerned about/for sth. 担心

10. Xie Lei told me she feels much more at home in England now and that things that had seemed very strange at the beginning now appear quite normal. (P39) 谢蕾告诉我说,她现在在英国感觉自在多了。

 关键透析

feel / be at home (像在家一样)舒服自在;无拘束

  Though he seldom appeared on the stage, he felt at home this time.

  尽管他很少在舞台上露面,这次在台上他感觉很自在。

  Before long, Mike began to feel at home in the new company.

  不久,麦克开始在新公司感到很自在了。

11. I have been so occupied getting used to everything that I haven’t had time for social activities.(P39) 我一直忙于学习,以至于我没有时间去参加社会活动。

关键透析

be occupied doing = be busy doing 忙于做……

I’m fully occupied with my office work and have little time for my son..

我忙于办公室工作,很少有时间去陪儿子。

 get used to sth / doing sth 表示习惯于做某事。如:

The students haven’t got used to the way the new teacher teaches. 

学生们还不习惯新老师的教学方法。

so...that 表示“如此……以至于……”。

关键透析

occupy  vt. 占据,占领;占用(时间、空间)

◆搭配:   be occupied in doing sth. / with sth. 忙于做某事

       occupy oneself with sth. 忙于做某事

The enemy soon occupied the city. 敌人很快占领了这个城镇。

Reading occupies most of my free time. 阅读占去了我空闲时间的大部分。                                              

12. She deserves to succeed. (P39) 她是应该取得成功的。

关键透析

succeed  v. 成功

succeed in doing sth.=be successful in doing sth.成功干某事

Our party has succeeded. 我们的晚会成功了。

联想拓展

success  n.成功;成功的人或事   successful  adj.成功的  successfully  adv.成功地

13. Peru has abundant plants from desert grasser to vast areas of jungle. (P43) 秘鲁有着多种多样的植物,从沙漠中的草到大片的丛林。

关键透析

abundant  adj.丰富的;充裕的;大量的

The south of China has abundant rainfall. 中国南方雨量充足。

联想拓展

be abundant in sth.  ……丰富;富于……

即时活用

翻译下列句子。

我们国家自然资源丰富。

Our country is abundant in natural resources.

 

 

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