注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

杨吉辉英语工作室

学英语没有捷径,只有不断的努力。加油!你会成功的。

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

文章分类
网易考拉推荐

高中英语选修8第四单元重点、难点  

2010-04-23 16:03:28|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

Unit 4 Pygmalion

1. work out 计算出,设法弄懂,精心制定出,逐渐解决,按某种方式发展。

1) You can work out the answer by adding all the numbers.

2) I’m not telling you the answer-----work it out for yourself.

3) I haven’t worked out who is going to look after the kids tonight.

4) I hope it all works out between you and me.

5) We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it worked out very well.

2.…an expert in phonetics, convinced that the quality of a person’s English decides his/her position in society.

一位语音学专家,认定一个人的英语水平决定这个人的社会地位。

(1) Convince  vt. to cause to believer or feel certain; to persuade 说服;使相信,说动 (某人)

我们说服了他坐火车去,不要搭飞机去。

We convinced him to go by train rather than plane.

2)(be) convinced + of 短语/ that 从句意思是“坚信…”;“确信…”。例如:

我确信他有罪。

I am convinced of his guilt.

=I am convinced that he was guilty.

3) convince (vt.) sb + of 短语/that 从句,“使…坚信…”; “使…确信…”。

我不认为她的强作欢颜能使她父亲相信她在那个小孤岛上过得开心。

I don’t think her forced smile will convince her father that she lives happily on that small lonely island.

Convinced  adj.坚信的,意志坚定的Convincing adj.令人心服的

3. set

(1) vt. 安排;布置(岗哨);定(时间、标准);创造(记录);专心于

1) Set guards around the gate.

2) The time and date of the meeting have not yet been set.

3) He set a new record.

4) Nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.

(2) vt. 使――做某事;使――处于某状态

5)I opened the cage and set the bird free.

6) A spark set the soods on fire.

(3) vi.(日、月等)下落;下沉

7) It will be cooler when the sun has set.

(4) n. 一套,一组;电器设备

8) I bought a set of LuXun’s short stories.

9) I need a radio set.

短语: set off 出发,动身       set out  出发,着手

Set about 开始,着手    set up 建立,成立

Set sb. a good example  为某人树立好榜样

4. Hold up

1) raise; keep up举起

Hold up your right hand.

2) show as an example 提出(作为榜样)

The teacher always holds up Tom as a model of hard work.

3) to delay 阻滞

The building of the new road has held up by bad weather.

短语:hold back 使固定;阻挡    hold down 压制

Hold to 遵循;坚持     hold together  (使团结;连接在一起)

5.Hand over  移交;让与;交给某人照料

1)The captain was unwilling to hand over the command of his ship. 军舰的指挥权

2)The thief was handed over to the policeman.

短语: hand down 传给    hand over 传递

Hands up 举手    hand out 分发,分给

       

6. But they betray themselves every time they open their mouths.但每次一张嘴说话,他们就原形毕露。

betray oneself 无意中露出本性;背叛

相当多的人面对金钱的诱惑便原形毕露。

Quite a lot of people will betray themselves when tempted by money.

betray

1)vt. give away or make known泄露(秘密)她不会把他的秘密泄露给我。

他向所有的朋友透露了这个消息。

He betrayed the news to all his friends.

2)vt. to be disloyal or unfaithful to 出卖;背叛

他的最好的朋友背叛了他.

 

 

 

 

 

 

His best friend betrayed him.

他背叛祖国,向敌人投降了.

He betrayed his country to the enemy

(3) to be a sign of (sth. One would like to hide)显露;显示

他的脸显露出他很生气。

His face betrayed that he was angry.

betray + n. + to 出卖,背叛

betray +n.+ (to be)/-that 表示“无意中显示,暴露”

名词形式betrayal 如an act of betrayal 背叛的行为

         Every time 每一次;下列名词词组可作为连词使用:the moment, the second, the minute, the instant, any time, the first time, the last time等。例如:

The moment I heard the news that she had been admitted into Oxford University, I sent an e-mail to congratulate her.

7. Condemn vt.谴责

(1)condemn sb. / sth. 谴责某人/某事

大部分人谴责任何形式的暴力行为。

Most people condemn any sort of violence.

(2)be condemned to death / be sentenced to death被判死刑

那个罪犯被判处死刑。

  The criminal was condemned to death.

 

(3) condemn sb. to do sth.使——注定

他的病使他被迫一直呆在床上。

His illness condemned him to be in bed all the time.

 

 8.acquaintance   n. 相识; 了解

我懂得这门语言.

I have some acquaintance with the language.

我很久以前已经认识他了.

I made his acquaintance long ago.

make one’s acquaintance / make the acquaintance of sb. 结识某人

be familiar with  / be acquainted with对…熟悉

 

acquaint sb. with使某人了解

9. a handful of 一把,少数的(人) 

我给了那个男孩一把糖。

I gave the boy a handful of sweets.

我们邀请了12人,但只有几个人来。

We invited 12, but only a handful of them came.

a basketful一篮子          a bagful of一书包

l      a mouthful of一口         a pocketful of一袋

10, pass off...as.....冒充

   The girl could pass herself off in three months as a duchess at an ambassador’s party.                                                         那个女孩能够在三个月后由一位大使举办的舞会上冒充一位女公爵。

    She pass herself off  as an American.      她冒充是美国人。

归纳拓展

pass off :有“逐渐消失,过去;不加理会,回避, 掩饰; 进行(情况如何);把……冒充为”之意。作“冒充……”之意时, 后跟 as

Has your toothache passed off yet?   你的牙疼还没消吗?

He passed off the difficult question.   他回避了那个难问题。

The party passed off well.                   舞会进展顺利。

He passed his secretary off as his wife.     他把秘书冒充他的妻子。

l      由 pass 构成的短语有:

     pass through      通过

     pass by               从旁边经过

     pass out              昏倒,失去知觉

     pass... on to ...    把……传递给

11. in amazement 惊讶地

当她撕烂那张合同然后仍掉的时候,我们都惊讶地望着她。

We watched in amazement

as she tore up the contract and threw it.

to one’s amazement 使某人惊奇的是

使我惊奇的是,我得了一等奖。

To my amazement I got the first prize.

归纳拓展

l      in/with amazement “惊讶地”,

l      同义词为 in amazement, in surprise。in在此结构中表示“处于……状态”。

l      amaze vt.       sb./sth. amaze sb.;  amazing adj.;   amazement n.

特别提示

l      in amazement指“造成心理上的混乱或恐慌”;

l      in astonishment 指“因为不可解释的事而吃惊”;

l      in surprise指“由于突然或出于意外而吃惊”。

12.a fortune! 一笔财富

(1)                 [U] success; good luck 成功;好运,幸运

1)       Fortune smiled on him. 他事事顺利.

2)       By good fortune he was not hurt.

(2)                 [C] 未来的命运;运道;运气

3) What will be our fortune?

4)One day good fortune befell him.

(3)                 [C] 财富

5) He received a large fortune when his father died.

Fortunate adj. 幸运的        fortunately  adv. 幸运地

短语: make a fortune 发财    seek one’s fortune 外出找出路

try one’s fortune 碰运气 

    be fortunate to do sth./ in doing sth. 幸运地做某事

13. Generally speaking, people are more polite to those whom they think are of higher social class.

总的来说,人们对那些他们认为属于较高社会阶层的人更礼貌一些。

(1)本句中的of 表示”从属”关系。例如:

物以类聚,人以群分。

Birds of a feather flock together.

(2) be of + 形容词+抽象名词=be +副词+与该抽象名词同根的形容词。例如:

我所说的非常重要。

What I said is of great importance.

= What I said is very important.

可用于以上结构的抽象名词及相对应的形容词有:ability-able, help-helpful, importance-important, interest-interesting, significance-significant, use-useful, value- valuable

14.superior

superior 作为形容词有两大用法:

1) 作为普通形容词,意为“傲慢的”。例如:

我讨厌他那傲慢的态度。I hate his superior manner.

2) 作为暗含比较级的形容词,意为”较高级”、“较好的”、“较…为优秀的”。由于superior本身隐含着比较意义,因此不能在前面再加more。在与另一事物进行比较时,与之搭配的介词要用to,不能than。例如:

约翰逊的数学比王先生好。

 Johnson is superior to Mr. Wang in mathematics.

 

与superior用法相同的词还有inferior, senior, junior, prior等。比…优越,不屈服于be superior to 低于be inferior to  比…年长be senior to 比…年轻be junior to例如:

青铜不如金子。Brass is inferior to gold.

 

他比我小很多岁。

He is junior to me by many years.

 

我母亲在结婚前曾经是电工。

Prior to her marriage, my mother was an electrician.

15. in terms of 有两个意思:一个意为“根据”、“依照” “从—角度”;另一个意为“以…的措辞”。例如:

In terms of money we’re quite rich but not in terms of happiness.

让每一个孩子根据自己的兴趣爱好选择书籍阅读。

Let each child read in terms of his own tastes and choices.

 

他对你的工作大加赞赏。

He referred to your work in terms of high praise.

归纳拓展

l      in terms of

l      其同义词为: with regard to, according to, in the light of, 在一般情况下可以通用。

l      come to terms 和解;

   come to terms with 甘心忍受;

    be on good/bad terms with 与……关系很好(坏)

16 in disguise  意为“乔装”

(1)我以为你是便衣警察。

 I thought maybe you was a policeman in disguise.

 

(2)这位皇帝喜欢微有私访。The emperor liked travelling in disguise.

 

联想:in need of 意思是“需要”。

他需要理发了He is in need of a haircut. 

 

in need 意思是“在困难(穷困)中”。例如:

我们应该帮助贫困的人。

We should help those in need.

归纳拓展

in need of 需要……, 为介词短语, 后跟名词或代词。其同义词为in want of, in need穷困。如: Most of the people are in great need. 英语中类似结构有:in charge of 负责; in search of 搜寻; in hope of 希望; in honor of 纪念、尊重; in favor of 有利于; in spite of 尽管; in case of 以防万一; in place of 代替。

17.  bet   n.&vt. 打赌

I’ve made a bet that our team will win the first.

He has just lost a bet.

I bet you($5) that they will win.

短语:I bet 我敢肯定   win/lose a bet 赌赢/赌输

Make a bet on 就-----打赌

18.Deep in sth.    专心;全神贯注;深陷

1)They are deep in prayer.

2) He was deep in thought when I saw him.

3) He is often so deep in his books that he forgets to eat.

形容词短语deep in sth. 可用在句中作状语。

Deep in thought,he didn’t notice the car running towards him.

同样用法还有:lost, determined, absorbed, interested 等。

19.Treat 对待;看待(以某种方式对待和处理)(常与as连用);治疗;款待;享受;

1) She treated me all right.

2)   Don’t treat this serious matter as a joke.

3)   Are they able to treat this disease?

4)   I’m going to treat myself a vacation in the mountain.

Treatment   n. 治疗;疗法     treatable 可治疗的

19.I rather fancied myself because I can pronounce twenty-four distinct vowel sounds.

本来我很自负,因为我能发出24个不同的元音。

1) fancy oneself (as)   自以为是――;自命不凡。例如:

She fancied herself (as) a famous actress.

2) fancy doing 表示“想不到会做某事”常用于祁使句,表示惊叹。例如: Fancy meeting so many old friends!

        And fancy you talking like that!

3)想象,设想  We cannot fancy a life without electricity.

4) 爱好,喜欢。 What do you fancy for supper?

20. take away 带走, 取走She is no use at all. Take her away.  

    她没什么用处。把她带走。

The child was taken away from school.

   那孩子辍学了。   

The bad news took away all her pleasure.                                                    这条坏消息将她的快乐一扫而光。

If you take away three from seven, how much will you get? 

    7减3等于几?

归纳拓展

take away除了具有“带走、取走”的意义外, 还有“使停学、使消失、减去”等意义。

由take构成的短语有:

take after长得像;take apart拆开;

 take as 看作; take back收回(诺言);

take for错认为; take in吸收,欺骗;

take off起飞,脱(衣服), 成功;

take over接管(权利); take up拿起,从事

21 show in 带或领……进来

    Show her in, Mrs Pearce.           皮斯太太, 领她进来。

    He showed me into a bedroom.  他把我领进一间卧室。

He showed me out.                     他把我领了出去。

show sb. in 领某人进来, 其反义词为:show sb. out领某人出去。

show构成的短语有:

show sb. around 领某人参观某地;

show off 炫耀;

show up出现,来到某处; 揭露;显得好看

22. the other day 前几天

    She is the one we saw the other day.她是我前几天看到的那个。

    I had rather an odd experience the other day.                                         前几天我有一次奇怪的经历。

I saw your friend the other day.         前几天我见到了你的朋友。

The other day, as I was walking up to town, I saw a strange sight.              

前几天我步行去城里时见到了一个奇怪的景象。

归纳拓展

     the other day“前几天”, 表示过去的时间, 故句中时态用一般过去时。对比其他时间的表达法: one day “一天”。用于过去时或将来时; some day“某一天”, 只用于将来时; just now  “刚才; 就在现在”, 用于过去时(刚才), 用于现在进行时(就在现在); in time按时;迟早”, 用于过去时(按时), 用于将来时(迟早)

 

 

 

23. fade out(声音、画面)逐渐模糊、渐淡

    ...fades out as they go off stage together.                                                     他们一块下舞台时……消失。

    When you turn on a transistor radio the sound comes on immediately; when you turn off, it fades out gradually.     打开半导体收音机时, 声音立刻响起;关闭时, 声音慢慢消失。

The sound of  the cheering faded away in the distance.                                      加油声在远方慢慢消失。

As evening came the coastline faded into darkness.                                      

夜幕降临时, 海岸线消失在黑暗之中

归纳拓展

     fade out指声音的减弱; fade away主要指自然界、记忆力的渐渐消失;表声音的渐渐消失时, fade out, fade away, die away可通用

同义表达

1.        His voice became weaker and weaker, and finally died away. 

  His voice __________.   (faded away)          

His voice ________.(faded out)

2. The sound of the footsteps faded away.                                        

The sound of the footsteps _________ . (died away)

The sound of the footsteps _________.(faded out)

 

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(1666)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018