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杨吉辉英语工作室

学英语没有捷径,只有不断的努力。加油!你会成功的。

 
 
 

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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高中英语必修5第四单元重点、难点  

2011-10-22 22:22:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
 

Unit Four  Making the News

1、Suppose you were to be a journalist for China Daily,…(p25) 假定你将成为中国日报的一名记者,…

   be to do…

   用法归纳:

⑴表示按计划、安排的动作 

I am to do my job tomorrow. 我明天做工作。

⑵表示用来发出指示       

The door is not to be opened. 不能开门。

⑶用于征求对方意见       

What’s to be done next? 下来该做什么?

⑷表示预料中要发生的事情 

My teacher had a talk with me. His words were to change my.

我们老师和我谈了一次话,他的话会改变我一生的。

2、Now discuss in pairs how you would feel if you were offered a job on a famous newspaper.(p25)

现在分组讨论如果一个有名的报纸给你了一份工作你是什么感觉。

offer v.

用法归纳:

 (1) 主动提出做某事

   My daughter offered to clean the room yesterday. 女儿昨天主动提出打扫房间。

   特别提示:

   offer表示“主动提出做某事”时,后面一般跟动词不定式。

  (2)主动给与

   They offered me a cup of tea when I arrived. 我到的时候他们给我了一杯茶。

  (3)出价

   How much do you offer for my car?  我的车你给多少钱?

   特别提示:

   offer表示“出价”时,一般用 “ offer some money for sth.”句型。

   联想扩展:

  (1)“要价;索价”用 “ charge some money for sth.” 句型。

I charge 100,000 Yuan for this car. 这辆车我要十万块钱。

  (2)offer还可以作名词,表示“提供;报价”。

   He didn’t accept my offer. 他没有接受我的报价。

3、Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself. (p26)

   晚些时候,你就可以独自去进行新闻采访并递交稿件了。

   submit vt.

   用法归纳:

   (1) 提交;呈递

   You must submit your request to the committee. 你必须向委员会递交你的请求。

   Some students have not yet submitted their essays. 有些学生还没有交论文。

   (2) 服从;听从

   Students at school must submit to the orders of the teachers. 在学校学生们必须听从老师的命令。

   I will never submit to being parted from you. 我不会和你分开的。

   特别提示:

   Submit 表示“服从;听从”时,后面跟to;to为介词。

   (3) 向…屈服;投降

   After being defeated, they submitted to the enemy. 打败后他们向敌人投降。

   The army ordered the rebels to submit. 军队命令叛乱者投降。

   联想拓展

submit an application/claim/proposal to sb   向某人提交申请/要求/建议

He submitted his proposal for urban development to the city council.
他将城市发展建议提交市议会。

submit (oneself) to…     屈服于,服从于(=give in)

We'll submit ourselves to the court's judgments.
我们将听从法庭的裁决。

4、You will find your colleagues eager to assist you.(p26) 你会发现你的同事和乐意帮助你。

   find vt. 发现

   用法归纳:

  (1)+名词

   Have you found the truth of the matter? 你发现事情的真想了吗?

   I found a note on my desk, who put it here? 我在桌子上发现了一张字条,谁放的?

  (2)+从句

   Looking at his watch, he found that it was already ten. 看一下手表,他发现已经十点了。

   The teacher found that some students had their homework done by others.

   老师发现有些学生让别人做作业。

  (3)find + O + OC

    A. find + O + 形容词

      Do you find it easy to do in this way? 你发现没有,用这种方法做就很简单。

    B. find + O + 现在分词

      Walking outside, I found him smoking in the yard. 走出去,我发现他在院子吸烟。

    C. find + O + 过去分词

      Teacher, I found the window broken. 老师,我发现窗子破了。

    D. find + O + 名词

      The students find him a good teacher. 学生们发现他是个好老师。

    E. find + O + 副词

      We went to see him, but found him out. 我们去看他,但发现他没在。

    F. find + O + to be

      We all find him to be a good student. 我们都发现他是个好学生。

    G. find + O + 介词短语

      I found him in good health last time I saw him. 上次碰到他我发现他身体很好。

5、You will find your colleagues eager to assist you.(p26) 你会发现你的同事和乐意帮助你。

   eager adj.

   用法归纳;

   (1)作表语

A. be eager for sth. 很想要某物

The boy is eager for the new model plane. 那个男孩很想要那个新的模型飞机。

Everyone is eager for success. 每个人都想成功。

B. be eager to do sth. 很想做某事

The child is eager to have the candy. 那个小孩很想吃糖。

I am eager to travel abroad. 我很想去国外旅行。

   (2) 作定语   热切的;殷切的

I hope my classes will be packed with eager students. 我希望我的课堂里坐满了热切的学生。

The students listened to his story with eager attention. 学生们很热切的听他讲故事。

6、You will find your colleagues eager to assist you.(p26) 你会发现你的同事和乐意帮助你。

   assist vi & vt. 帮助

   The nurse assisted the doctor in the operation. 手术中护士帮助医生。

   Good glasses will assist you to read. 一副好眼镜能帮你阅读。

   联想扩展:

   help, assist, aid“帮助”的区别

help 语气较随便。满足被帮者的迫切需要、麻烦或危险,自己没有办法。帮助者往往出于好意、同情或仁慈。

assist 意为辅助。强调辅助者所起的作用,所进行的工作往往是次要的;辅助者本身也处于从属地位。

aid 意为援助。比help正式。暗含被帮一方是弱者之意。

My mother is deaf so she has to use a hearing aid.

The young nurse was very nervous when she assisted in her first operation.

7、so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you are interested.(p26)

   这样如果你有兴趣的话,你以后就可以专心于摄影。

   concentrate vt. & vi.

   用法归纳:

  (1)集中(vt)

   If you concentrate all your attention on the study of English, you will master the language.

   如果你把注意力集中在英语学习上,你会掌握这门语言的。

   His whole mind was concentrated on only one thing—how to make more money.

   他的心思都集中在一件事上—怎样赚更多的钱。

  (2)聚集(vi.)

   The tourists concentrated at the gate of the site. 游客聚集在景点大门口。

   The clouds are concentrating. 云在聚集。

  (3)聚精会神;集中思想(多和on或upon连用)

   I can’t concentrate on what I am doing while the noise is going on outside.

   外面噪音那么大,我不能聚精会神做我正在做的事。

   Please concentrate on the lesson. 注意听课。

8、They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.(p26)

   他们必须通过调查使自己知道故事哪一部分缺失。

   inform vt. & vi. 告诉;通知

  (1)跟从句

   The student informed his parents that he was thinking of entering medical school.

   那个学生告诉父母他在考虑上医学学校。

   The passengers were informed that the train would delay. 乘客们被告知火车会晚点。

  (2)跟of短语

   Please inform me of any change you make. 有任何变化请通知我。

   We should keep him informed of the bad news. 我们应该告诉他那个坏消息。

  (3)跟不定式结构

   He will inform us where to go. 他会告诉我们去哪里。

   Who can inform me how to work out the math problem? 谁能告诉我怎么做这道数学题?

9、Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says.

   同时,根据那个人说的你要准备下一个问题。

   depend vi. (多和on或upon连用)

   用法归纳:

  (1)依靠

   The town mainly depends on the tourist trade. 这个城镇主要靠旅游收入。

   Health depends on good food, fresh air and enough sleep.

好身体依靠好的食品、新鲜的空气和充足的睡眠。

  (2)信赖;指靠

   I depend on you to do it. 我指靠你来做它。

   You may depend on me to be there early. 你可以相信我能早早到那儿。

  (3)靠…决定;得看

   Whether we will hold the sports meet depends on the weather. 我们能否举办运动会得看天气。

   The price depends on the quality. 价格由质量决定。

   联想扩展:

  (1)depend upon it. 请相信;请放心;没问题

   Depend upon it, we will win the game. 请放心,我们能赢得比赛。

   We will deliver the goods to your door, depend upon it. 请相信,我们会送货上门的。

  (2)It all depends.=That depends. 视情况而定

   ---Are you going? 你去吗?

   ---It all depends. 看情况。

10、Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick?(p26) 你们有没有过这样的情况:别人控告你的记者,说他(她)们的报道完全失实。

   accuse vt. 指控;控告;指责

   A neighbor may accuse you of playing TV too loudly. 邻居可能会控告你把电视声音开的太大。

   The man was accused of stealing goods in the supermarket. 那个人被控告在超市偷窃。

   特别提示:

   accuse 常用 accuse sb of + n. / doing

11、It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong.(p26)

    如果我们错了,那个足球运动员就可能要求损失赔偿,我们就会陷入窘境。

    could have done

    (1) 表示那时(不)可能…

    Where could Li Hui have gong in late night? 那么晚李辉可能会去哪里?

    We could not have heard you because of the noise. 由于噪音我们可能没听到你的叫声。

    (2) 表示那时“本来可以”“差点就要”

    We could have started a little earlier. 我们本来可以更早点出发。

    I could have died laughing. 我差点要笑死了。

    联想扩展:

(1)must have done  “过去一定做过某事”

(2)can’t have done  “到现在为止不可能做过某事”

(3)could have done  “过去本来能够做某事而没有做”(表示后悔)

(4)couldn’t have done  “当时不可能做过某事”

(5)may have done    “(现在看来或到现在为止)可能做过某事”

(6)needn’t have done  “当时本来没有必要做而做了某事”

(7)should/ought to have done “当时本来应该做某事而没有做”(不表示后悔)

(8)shouldn’t have done == oughtn’t to have done   “当时本来不应该做某事而做了”

(9)must be doing 现在一定正在做某事

(10)can’t be doing 现在不可能正在做某事

(11) must have been doing 当时一定一直在做某事

   demand vt. 要求

  (1)跟名词或代词

   That’s your right, you can demand it. 那是你的权利,你可以要求的。

   They are striking to demand higher pay. 他们罢工要求增加工资。

  (2)跟不定式

   The customer demanded to see the boss. 顾客要求见经理。

   He demanded to be told everything. 他要求被告知一切。

  (3)跟从句

   They demanded that the right of vote be given to everyone. 他们要求把投票权给每一个人。

   The teacher demanded that the students keep quiet in class. 老师要求学生上课时保持安静。

   特别提示:

   一坚持:insist   二命令:order, command   三建议:advise, suggest, propose  四要求:ask, demand, require, request 后跟宾语从句时,宾语从句的谓语要用should +动词原形,should可以省略。

12、thorough adj.(p27)

   (1)彻底;周密的;仔细的

    The housewife gave the house a thorough cleaning. 家庭主妇把房子彻底打扫了一遍。

    The police made a thorough search of the forest. 警察把树林仔细搜查了一遍。

   (2)细致

    His work is always very thorough. 他的工作总是很细致。

    She is very thorough in everything. 她对每件事情都很细致。

   (3)十足的;完全的

    The football match was a thorough success. 足球赛很成功。

    The entire vocation was thorough pleasure. 整个假期完全是享受。

13、We need it in this edition to be ahead of the other newspapers. (p30)

为了先于别的报纸,我们需要在这一版出它。

ahead adv. 在前面;向前

You go ahead and I will follow. 你前面走,我会跟上的。

The man went on watching the road ahead. 那个人继续观察前面的道路。

联想扩展:

(1)ahead of 在…前面;比…早

 There were three persons ahead of me waiting. 我前面有三个人在等。

 Ahead of us the road was narrow and muddy. 我们前面的道路狭窄泥泞。

(2)ahead of time 提前

 The new building was finished ahead of time. 新大楼提前竣工。

 (3) be ahead of 比…强/ 高

 Tom is ahead of me in English. 汤姆的英语比我好。

(4)go ahead 在前进;说下去;可以;好吧

 Everything is going ahead smoothly. 一切都在顺利进行。

 ---Can I use you phone?  能用一下你的电话吗?

 ---Go ahead. 可以。

14、Last of all, the chief editor read it and approved it.(p30) 最后主编看并且批准刊印。

approve vi & vt

(1) 赞同 (和of连用)

   I quite approve of your plan. 我非常赞同你的计划。

   I am afraid that he won’t approve of your being here. 我恐怕他不会同意你在这儿。

   (2) 批准;同意

   The government approved the building of the subway. 政府批准了建地铁的申请。

   Teacher, do you approve our plan? 老师,你同意我们的计划吗?

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