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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修一 Unit One  

2013-03-28 07:41:01|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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必修1

Unit one   Friendship

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、add       词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Add up your score and see how many points you get. 把你的分数加起来,看看你能得多少。

 ※ 拓展学习

If you add these numbers up, you will get 50.

Please add some sugar to my tea.

His schooling added up to no more than one year.

  ※ 重点操练

    He wouldn’t admit that the facts didn’t _______anything.(说明)

2、concern     词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Tell your friend that you are concerned about him / her and you will meet after class and talk then.告诉你的朋友你很关心他/她,然后下课后你们就可以见面交谈。

   ※ 拓展学习

The news concerns our school.

Please don’t let my illness concern you.

We are all concerned for her safety.

It is impossible so far as I am concerned.

   ※ 重点操练

_______, you can stay the whole summer.(就我而言)

3、reason      词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Make a list of reasons why friends are important to you. 列出朋友们对你为什么重要的理由。

  ※ 拓展学习

   Tell me the reason why you didn’t come yesterday.

   We reasoned with them about the matter.

   This is the reason that he gave us.

※     重点操练

There is ______ to study English well.(有充分理由)

4、else  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Does a friend always have to be a person? What else can be your friend?

   朋友一定是人吗?还有什么能做你的朋友?

  ※ 拓展学习

What else do you want to buy?

Is there anything else that I can do for you?

Your words carry more weight than anybody else’s.

※     重点操练

---Is this bike yours?

---No, it’s ______.(别人的)

5、wonder    词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.

我想知道是否由于我很久没出门以至于我对有关自然的东西都那么的疯狂。

  ※ 拓展学习

I wonder if / whether he will come.

We are wondering what to do this afternoon.

The old couple wondered which flat was suitable for them.

While I was wondering at the question, I heard my name called.

※     重点操练

---Tony was very bright and worked hard.

--- It was no ______ he always got first place in his studies. (难怪)

6、so…that 和such…that   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.

我想知道是否由于我很久没出门以至于我对有关自然的东西都那么的疯狂。

※ 拓展学习

Liu Xiang runs so quickly that no one can catch up with him.

Mike is so good a student that every teacher likes him.

China is such a large country that you can see only a little of it in one month.

It was such lovely weather yesterday that we went outing.

I have many such good books that I have learned a lot from them.

※     重点操练

    He made ______little progress that his parents felt disappointed.(如此)

7、keep   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.

   我清楚的记得曾经有过一段时间蓝天、鸟叫、月光和鲜花从来没有让我不知所措过。

※ 拓展学习

     Coat can keep you warm in winter. 

 Oil keeps cars running.

 Keep the door closed. Don’t open it.

 Coat can keep cold out in winter.

 Exercise keeps people in good health.

※     重点操练

    John was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes ______.(睁开)

8、hang   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows.

    我只能通过挂在布满灰尘的窗台前的很脏的窗帘观看自然。

※ 拓展学习

The murderer was hanged last week.

That piece of meat has hung there for a long time.

※     重点操练

     Seen from the foot of the mountain, clouds are seen beautifully ______over its top.(挂)

9、wish    词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

We had to start clearing up at once, if we wished to sleep in comfortable beds that night.

    如果我们希望晚上睡在舒适的床上,我们就必须马上打扫卫生。

※ 拓展学习

The businessman wished to fly to the moon.

The teacher wished all his students to go to college.

Wish you a good trip!

I wish I were still a child.

The student wishes that he had studied hard in the last three years.

Man always wishes that he could live on the moon in the future.

※     重点操练

–Shall I open the window?

       ---Yes, please. I wish _______ it.(你打开)

10、show       词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Every culture has its own ways to show friendship. 每种文化都有自己表达友谊的方式。

※ 拓展学习

Can you please show me your new mobile phone?

The new type of computer will be on show next month.

The things on show here are all from the Tang Dynasty.

You should show yourself off when looking for a job.

Shown around the library, we were led to the lab.

Wait a minute, sir. Let me show you out.

Boy, please show this gentleman to his room.

Statistics show that China’s economy is increasing very fast.

※     重点操练

Can you make a sentence to _____ the meaning of the phrase?(说明)

11、enjoy   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

To enjoy the land you should not be selfish.  要热爱这块土地你就不能自私。

※ 拓展学习

Many students don’t enjoy English.

Do you enjoy playing basketball?

Did you enjoy yourself at the party last night?

I enjoyed every minute at the party last night.

※     重点操练

     His three brothers all enjoy ______ old coins in their spare time.(收集)

12、go through    词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

…or would not understand what you are going through. 或者不理解你正在经历的事情。

  ※ 拓展学习

I’d like to have you go through the article.

Mother went through the drawer looking for the scissors.

Please go through the dialogue with a partner.

He went through all the money his father gave him.

China went through many natural disasters in 2008.

※     重点操练

You’d better make a quick decision because the price may ______ soon.(上涨)

13、set down   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do.

    我不想像其他人一样只记下一系列的事实。

※ 拓展学习

  He set down the bag and rested for a while.

  Please set down all that I said.

※     重点操练

    Let's____ to clean the house. It's too dirty.(着手)

14、get along / on with   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

I am getting along well with a boy in my class. 我和我们班里的一个男生关系不错。

※ 拓展学习

The students in our class get along well with each other.

   I can get along with five Yuan a day.

   How are you getting along with your study these days?  

   I can’t get on with the noise here.

※     重点操练

      Readers can ____ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word.(理解)

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、不理睬,忽视

 

2、关心,涉及

 

3、不再

 

4、躲藏

 

5、爱上,喜欢上

 

6、遭受,患病

 

7、放下,记下

 

8、对……狂热

 

9、不得不,必须

 

10、为了

 

11、目的,意图

 

12、将……合计起来

 

13、平静下来,镇定下来

 

14、一连串的,一系列

 

15、按照,根据

 

16、参加,加入

 

17、在黄昏时刻

 

18、记日记

 

19、经历,经受

 

20、与… 相处,进展

 

21、面对面的

 

22、关心,挂念

 

23、将(东西)装箱打包

 

24、对…厌烦

 

25、故意

 

26、情形,意境

 

27、安家,定居

 

28、窗帘

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词组

第一组:

crazy, loose, calm, entirely, reason, thunder, share, German, habit, teenager, upset, communicate, outdoors, situation, advice

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

1 A group of Frenchmen and _________ are visiting the ancient city wall in Xi’an.
2 Please wait in line. Everyone will get his ________.
3 The doorknob (门把手) has come _________. Who will fix it?
4 Don’t always stay indoors. You’d better go __________ for fun sometimes.
5 I once studied some French at college, but I’m afraid that I’ve __________ forgotten it now.
6 Don’t scold him. After all, he is only a __________.
7 __________ often follows lightning.
8 People say that __________ is second nature.
9 China is going through good economic __________ these years.
10 Since you have questions, why not turn to him for some __________?
11 My child spends most of the time playing online games. It really _________ me.
12 ___________ well with others is considered a kind of ability.
13 Seeing mother smiling at me among the audience, I felt _________ on the stage.
14 No one knew the __________ why he was absent from class a second time.
15 Seeing the famous film star appearing, all the fans became _________.

第二组:

list, power, point, suffer, ignore, editor, cheat, questionnaire, trust, dare

16 Do you know when President Clinton came into _________ ?
17 I __________ from a bad cold the other day. It took me days to get rid of it.
18 Only a few years after graduation my sister became the chief _________ with China Daily.
19 Can you design a ____________ to find out what kinds of friends your classmates like to make?
20 He is your father. How __________ you say to him like that?
21 Little Peter always lies to others. His classmates won’t _________ him anymore.
22 Mrs Wang wrote on the blackboard: No _________ in exams!
23 Mary got very unhappy, for other friends __________ her at the party.
24 I got 90 __________ in the final English exam.
25 Before going shopping you’d better make a_______of what you are going to buy.           

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给单词的正确形式。

1. Young people like to share their ___________(feel) with friends.

2. I think it fun to eat ____________(outdoor) with many good friends.

3. It is __________(nature) for a child of his age to react like this.

4. When we receive your instructions we shall act ___________(accord).

5. Good ___________(communicate) is of great importance in a large organization.

6. It is time for the _____________(govern) to take measures to deal with the pollution.

7. Easy stories are the best materials to teach ____________(rapidly) reading.

8. I’ve got no sense of ____________(direct) at all.

9. He once worked as an ________(edit) in a newspaper.

10. I do ___________(actual) think that things have improved.

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

advantage  disadvantage  effect  native  popular  different  advanced alone  lonely  also  besides  however  apply  attend  act as  above all  as well     

In recent years, studying abroad has been 1)________. Tens of thousands of Chinese students have gone to foreign countries to study. Many people are making great 2)______ to 3)______ to go abroad. There are many 4)_________in 5)________schools abroad. Students who have studied abroad can 6) _____ ____ mediators (中介人) between people of  7) ________ cultures. And we can learn foreign languages more quickly 8)____ ______. 9)______ _____, we can learn much more 10)________knowledge of science and technology from foreign countries. 11)________, there are some 12)________. Most of the students are too young to live 13 ) _______ without any living experience. 14)_________, being far away from their home country, they may feel 15) ________ and homesick. 16)______, the costs are much higher there than in the 17) ________country.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

Anne was a little girl who lived in the capital of Netherlands during the Second World War. Her family was Jewish, so they had to   ①   to avoid being caught by the Germans.  After about two years, they were discovered and were   ②    by the Nazis. There Anne    ③     with the other people.She stayed most of her time indoors. According to Anne she     ④   a lot of difficult times and suffered a lot.   ⑤    let people know what was happening there, she formed the habit of writing a diary. She   ⑥    how she felt in her diary.

This is what she wrote in her diary.

I wonder if it is because I haven’t been able to be  ⑦   for so long that I’ve grown so   ⑧   about everything to do with nature,… For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake   ⑨   until late into the night so as to have a good look at the moon. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night   ⑩   .

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 他不应该告诉Tom这个秘密,但是他没有恶意。(should have done)

2. 孩子们安全到达了山顶。(形容词表状态)

3. 这是我们第一次来到山村去见那些无家可归的孩子。(It is the first time that …)

4. 即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。(even if/though)

5. 坐飞机旅行有很多好处,例如方便、舒服、快捷。(such as)

6. 他问她第二天是否在那里。(间接引语)

7. 今天的课是关于语音的。(be concerned with)

8. 在丛林中,为了生存他们被迫采取极端行为。(in order to)

9. 现在我们可以即时与世界另一端的人进行交流。(communicate)

10. 你必须承认我们所面临问题的严重性。(recognize)

 

 

Unit One

一、重点导学

1、add up to   2、As/So far as I am concerned   3、every reason   4、somebody else’s  5、wonder  6、so 7、open   8、hanging   9、you would open   10、show off   11、collecting  12、go up  13、set out  14、get along

二、操练巩固

I、1、ignore   2、concern    3、no longer/ not...any longer   4、hide away   5、fall in love with  6、suffer from 7、set sth. down   8、grow crazy about   9、have got to  10、in order to  11、purpose  12、add up sth  13、calm down   14、a series of   15、according to   16、join in    17、at dusk    18、keep a diary  19、go through   20、get along with   21、face to face   22、be concerned about   23、pack (sth) up  24、get/be tired of   25、on purpose   26、situation    27、settle   28、curtain

II.

第一组: 1 Germans  2 share  3 loose  4 outdoors  5 entirely  6 teenager  7 Thunder 8 habit   9 situation 

10 advice  11 upsets  12 To communicate  13 calm  14 reason  15 crazy 

第二组:16 power  17 suffered  18 editor  19 questionnaire  20 dare  21 trust  22 cheating  23 ignored 

24 points  25 list

III. A 1. feelings     2. outdoors     3. natural  4. accordingly     5. communication6. government  7. rapid 

8. direction       9.editor  10. actually

B 1) popular 2) efforts 3) apply 4) advantages 5) attending 6) act as 7) different 8) as well  9 Above all) 10) advanced 11) However 12) disadvantages 13 ) alone 14) Besides 15) lonely 16) Also 17) native

IV.  ①hide away   ②put away  ③got on well  ④went through    ⑤in order to  ⑥set down   ⑦outdoors  ⑧crazy        ⑨on purpose      ⑩face to face

V. 1. He shouldn’t have told Tom the secret, but he meant no harm.

2. The children reached the top of the mountain, safe.

3. It is the first time that we have come into the mountain village to see the homeless children.

4. Even if/though I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there.

5. There are many advantages of air travel, such as being convenient, comfortable and fast.

6. He asked whether/ if she would be there the next day.

7. Today’s lesson is concerned with pronunciation.

8. In the jungle, they were driven to extremes in order to survive.

9. Nowadays, we can communicate instantly with people on the other side of the world.

10. You mush recognize the seriousness of the problems we are facing.

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