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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修一 Unit Two  

2013-03-28 07:42:17|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit Two  English around the world

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、at the end of  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English.

到16世纪末,大约有五百万到七百万人说英语。

※ 拓展学习

  Can you see the two lights at the end of the hall?

  We had finished learning the first book by the end of last month.

  The sports meet was held in the end.

  The chairman put the tiring discussion at an end.

※     重点操练

 The peace-loving people in the world strongly desire that an end should ______ the conflict in Greece.(应该结束)

2、present    词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.

它比我们现在所讲的英语更多的以德语为基础。

※ 拓展学习

He was the only Englishman present.

Oxygen is present in the air.

At present I am living in Xi’an.

Father often gives me presents.

He presented a check to the fund.

She presented her case to the meeting.

※ 重点操练

   Let’s leave things as they are ______ , even though we may have a change later on .(现在的样子)

3、settle   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled.   最后到19世纪语言被确定下来。

   ※ 拓展学习

  With a lot of problems to settle, the newly-elected president will have a hard time.

  Please let me settle the bill this time.

  We settled in Xi’an some seventy years ago.

  He's just a drifter and he can't settle down anywhere.

  The nurse settled the children first and then went to bed.

※ 重点操练

– Do you know anyone in Chicago ?

   --- No, but I’ll made friends once _________.(我一安顿下来)

4、latter   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling. 后者给了美国英语不同的定义。

   ※ 拓展学习

Students should apologize to their teacher for their being late for school.

 I can't pay now, please bill me later.

He studied medicine at first, but some years later he turned to literature.

 Many support the former alternative, but personally I favor the latter

 Is there any latest news in today’s newspaper?

※ 重点操练

He pretended not to hear the ______ part of her remark. (后面的)

5、separate  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.  后者给了美国英语不同的定义。

  ※ 拓展学习

    The two questions are quite separate.

    Those are separate problems and can’t be handled in the same manner.

    The Cook Strait separates the North Island from the South Island.

Asia is separated from Europe by the Urals.

They separated when they reached the crossroads.

 ※ 重点操练

   As we joined the big crowd I got _______ from my friends.(分开)

6、make  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

But it made reading English much more difficult.  但是,这使得阅读英语更加困难。

※ 拓展学习

   Our teacher makes us read English every morning.

   Good friends can make you happy.

   The speaker spoke louder to make himself heard.

   You can make the desk a bed.

   We made him monitor.

※ 重点操练

Tom studies very hard and his parents don’t have to make him ______.(学习)

7、spend   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

These men spent nearly all of their lives trying to collect words for their dictionaries.

    这些人花费了几乎一生的时间为他们的字典收集词汇。

 ※ 拓展学习

I spent ten Yuan on the book.

How long did you spend writing the paper?

I paid ten Yuan for the book.

Wait a minute, sir. You forgot to pay the bill. ( pay for your meal)

The car cost me almost all my money.

 It took me a week to paint my house.

※ 重点操练

Let’s see how much has been ________ building the new house.(花费)

8、wear   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

In winter it felt like a barn, he had to wear a heavy coat and put his feet in a box to keep warm.

    冬天,那个房子感觉就像车库,他不得不穿上厚厚的大衣并且把双脚放在盒子里保暖。

※ 拓展学习

That girl student is wearing a red dress.

She wore a smile on her face when she saw me.

I wore long hair when I was in college.

Please put on your coat, it’s cold outside.

When he realized how late it was, he pulled his clothes on and ran out.

He went to bed drunk, and when he woke up he found that he still had his shoes on.

The twins are dressed in the same clothes.

※ 重点操练

  They saw a lady beautifully ________.(打扮)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

9、request   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Can you find the following command and request from reading?

你能从阅读文章中找出下面命令和请求吗?

※ 拓展学习

My mother often requests me to do some housework.

The little boy requested to do something he could.

Can I request a word of you?

We requested that he tell us the truth.

He did it at the request of me.

※ 重点操练

The chairman requested that the members______ the problem more carefully(研究)

 

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、在……中起作用

 

2、请求,要求

 

3、即使,尽管

 

4、例如,像这种的

 

5、实际上,事实上

 

6、公寓住宅

 

7、现在,目前

 

8、承认,公认

 

9、大量的,许多

 

10、信不信由你

 

11、因为,由于

 

12、充分利用

 

13、以……为基础

 

14、命令,指令

 

15、航行,航海 

 

16、口音,腔调

 

17、词汇,词汇量

 

18、与……不同

 

19、走近,上来

 

20、直接,挺直

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词或词组

第一组:

 direction, command, lightning, block, request, accent, retell, recognize, standard, northwestern

1 ___________ is a kind of natural phenomenon.
2 Please read the __________ on the bottle before taking the medicine.
3 May and I are classmates, but we live in different _________.
4 The Professor spoke with a strong Shaanxi __________.
5 When we met many years later I could hardly __________ Lily at the airport.
6 Gansu is a __________ province of China.
7 If you want to learn Chinese, you may learn from her. She speaks very ________ Chinese.
8 Will you please __________ the story to the whole class?
9 Visitors are ___________ not to touch the exhibits.
10 He lived in America for five years and has a good __________ of English.

第二组:

 rule, rapidly, apartment, government, subway, identity, international, vocabulary, include, present, native, actually

11 The population of that country is increasing ___________.
12 Our __________ must do something to stop the rising house prices.
13 The police are trying to discover the __________ of the killer.
14 Usually you will read faster if you have a bigger English _________.
15 All those _________ at the meeting are high officials.
16 _________, English is not so hard to learn if you put your heart into it.
17 _________ speakers of English are in good demand in our school.
18 Only ten boys passed the exam, _________ Peter and you.
19 My father likes me to major in __________ trade when I go to university.
20 Underground and _________ mean the same in English.
21 Englishmen say flat, while Americans say ____________.
22 India was once __________by Britain and won its independence in 1947.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.Not having seen him for a long time,I can hardly ____________ (认出)him.

2.They went____________(直接)home without stopping at the gas station,for it was too late.

3.The result of the long police investigation is that the ____________(身份)of the killer is still a complete mystery.

4.I know from the young man’s ____________(口音)that he is from the South.

5.You’d better find a ______________(本地人)to tell you how to get there.

6.Follow the ____________(说明)that your doctor gives you.

7.Reading is one of the best ways of enlarging your ____________(词汇量).

8.____________ on a real story happening in Guanzhong Plain,the film attracted a lot of audience.  (根据)

9.He is a strong __________(统治者) and he _________(统治)the whole nation with an iron hand.

10.Recovery from the disease is very ____________.As the weather ____________ becomes warmer and warmer,he will pick up. (逐渐)

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

apology  chance  courage moment  though  admit  breathe  blame  admire  appear  accept  recognize    surprise  grow    forget    

The next day after the incident, a woman came to 1)_______ it was she, not the boy, broke the eggs. I was shocked. I 2)________ the woman’s 3)_________ to admit her mistake. In my heart I 4)_____ myself. I waited and waited for a 5)________ to say sorry to the boy. But he didn't 6)_______ until one morning fifteen years later. That morning I 7)__________ him the 8)_________ he entered the store 9)________ he had 10)_______ into a young man. He was quite 11)__________ when I told him about the broken eggs. He seemed to have 12) __________ all about it. I made an 13 )_________ from my heart. He 14)__________ it honestly. At last I 15)_________ freely again.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

  As we know, English is regarded as a global language ,but the language stay the same. It has   ①   over time. Actually all languages change and develop when cultrues meet and   ②   with each other. At first the English spoken in England was    ③   more on German than the English spoken at   ④   . Then the new settlers who ruled England enriched the English language and especially its   ⑤   . In the 1620,some British settlers moved to    ⑥   and by the 19th century the language was  ⑦   . English now is also spoken as a   ⑧   or second language in South Asia. From 1765 to 1947,English became the language for government and   ⑨   . Today the number of people learning English in China is   ⑩   rapidly.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 申请人必须有很好的电脑技能。   (be expected to)  

2. 请不要在餐馆吸烟。   (be requested to)

3. 我一拿起电话就听出了他的声音。(the moment)

4. 由于你说的话,他非常生气。    (more than)

5. 我想出一条建议,很快这条建议在会上被提出来了。   (come up)

6. 我就不明白你为何一周迟到三次。    (come about)

7. 我们应该充分利用我们有限的时间。   (make the best use of)

8. 即使明天下雨,我也要去参加她的生日宴会。    (even if)

9. 当她的儿子撒谎时,与其说她生气倒不如说她伤心。  (more A than B )

10. 他不仅仅是位科学家,还是一位诗人。 (more than )

 

  

Unit Two

一、重点导学

1、be put to  2、present  3、I have settled down  4、latter  5、separated  6、learn  7、spent  8、dressed 9、(should) study 

二、操练巩固

I、1、play a role/part in  2、request   3、even if/even though   4、such as   5、actually   6、apartment 7、at present   8、recognize   9、a (large) number of   10、believe it or not   11、because of  12、make good/full use of   13、be based on   14、command   15、voyage   16、accent  17、vocabulary   18、be different from   19、come up   20、straight

II.

第一组:1 Lightning  2 directions  3 blocks  4 accent  5 recognize  6 northwestern  7 standard    8 retell 

9 requested  10 command 
第二组:11 rapidly  12 government  13 identity  14 vocabulary  15 present  16 Actually   17 Native 

18     including  19 international  20 subway  21 apartment  22 ruled

III. A

1.recognize 2.straight 3.identity 4.accent 5.native   6.directions 7.vocabulary 8.Based 

9.governor;governs   10.gradual;gradually

B  1) admit  2) admired  3) courage 4) blamed 5) chance 6) appear 7) recognized 8) moment 9) though

10) grown 11) surprised  12) forgotten  13 ) apology 14) accepted 15) breathed

IV.   ①changed     ②communicate    ③based    ④prsent    ⑤vocabulary  ⑥American    ⑦settled    ⑧foreign      ⑨education   ⑩increasing

V. 1. Applicants will be expected to have a good command of computer skills.

2. You are requested not to smoke in the restaurant.

3. The moment I picked up the phone,I recognized his voice.

4. He was more than angry because of what you said.

5. I came up with a proposal and it soon came up at the meeting.

6. I’ll never understand how it came about that you were late three times a week.

7. We should make the best use of our limited time.

8. I’ll go to her birthday party even if it rains tomorrow.

9. She was more sad than angry when her son lied.

10. He is more than a scientist,he is also a poet.

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