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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修一 Unit Three  

2013-03-28 07:44:05|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit Three   Travel journal

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、prefer   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Which kind of transport do you prefer to use, bus or train? 你更喜欢那种交通工具,汽车还是火车?

※ 拓展学习

    —Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?    — I prefer tea.

    Our daughter prefers to stay at home today.      

Many people prefer swimming in summer.

    We prefer you to tell us the truth.

    My wife prefers that I come home on time every day.

    Most students prefer Chinese to English.

    I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.

※ 重点操练

The professor prefers giving lectures to students to ______ parties.(被邀请去)

2、persuade   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one.

    两年前她买了一辆山地车,然后她也说服我买了一辆。

※ 拓展学习

     The teacher persuaded us not to talk in class.

     The liar persuaded the old man of his story.

     You can’t persuade us that the earth is flat.

     The guide persuaded us out of swimming in the river.  

※ 重点操练

I _____ her to kick the habit of smoking, but she wouldn’t listen.(试图说服)

3、get  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too. 王伟很快也使他们对骑车感兴趣了。

※ 拓展学习

My father is stubborn, I can’t get him to change him mind.

   His rude words got me angry.

If you are late again, I will get you standing at the back of the classroom for a period.

I will get my bike repaired.

My brother got his left leg broken while playing football yesterday.

You should get your room tidied first.

※ 重点操练

We must get the house _____ during the holidays.(油漆)

4、insist   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.

虽然她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排的尽善尽美。

※ 拓展学习

I insist on going with you.

  He insisted on her staying in Xi’an.

  I insist on an answer.

  He insisted upon a second message being sent.


  He insisted that I (should) apologize to her.

※ 重点操练

Old Mr Jackson insisted ____ to the Friendship Hospital.(被送往)

5、seem  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, she seemed to be excited about.  当我告诉她我们的旅程将会从一个海拔高度超过5000米的地方开始时,她视乎很兴奋。

※ 拓展学习

The question seems easy.

   The student seems to be listening to me.

   He seems to have been to many places.

It seems as if it is going to rain.

It seems like many years since we met last time.

   It seems that the world is getting smaller and smaller.

   There seems to be a man behind the curtain.

 ※ 重点操练

   There ______ a confusion in the discussion yesterday.(好像有)

6、make up one’s mind  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. 一旦她决定了,没有什么能让她改变主意。

※ 拓展学习

     We have made up our minds to study English well.

     Have you made up your mind what to do this afternoon?

     We haven’t made up our minds which flat we will buy.

     I have made up my mind that I will go to help him.

  ※ 重点操练

   I have many facts to chew upon before I ______.(做决定)

7、stay  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

After supper Wang Wei put her head down on her pillow and went to sleep but I stayed awake.

   晚饭后王伟把头真在枕头上睡着了,但我一直醒着。

※ 拓展学习

Where are you staying in Xi’an?

Stay your hand, don’t hurt him.

The patient stays weak after the operation.

Strong buildings stayed up in the earthquake.

※ 重点操练

Most of the big department stores in this city ______open late in the evenings.(开门)

8、population   词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

Cambodia was in many ways similar to Laos, although it has twice the population.

   虽然柬埔寨的人口是老挝人口的两倍,柬埔寨在许多方面和老挝相似。

※ 拓展学习

What is the population of Xi’an.

The population of Xi’an is eight million.

Xi’an has a population of eight million.

    The population of Xi’an is smaller than that of Shanghai.

    The population of China is 1.3 billion.

    60% of the population of China is a little over 1 billion.

    60% of the population of China are farmers.

  ※ 重点操练

   Over 60% of the population of China ______ in the countryside.(住在)

9、with   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

it also had wide streets with trees in rows and old French houses.

    它也有宽阔的街道,街道两旁也有一排排的树和一排排的法国式房屋。

※ 拓展学习

The teacher came in, with his nose red in cold.

    I can’t hear you clearly with the other students talking loudly.

    With the homework finished, the students went home.

   With a lot of problems to settle, the newly-elected president will have a hard time.

   The student came from abroad, with a gold medal around his neck.

   With the teacher away, wo could not solve the math problem.

   ※ 重点操练

   ______ the rapid growth of short messages sent by cell phones, the increasing number of criminal cases appeared through short messages.(随着)

10、by  词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

You can live in a village by the river. 你们可以住在河边的小村庄。

※ 拓展学习

   We should go out by public transportation to fight against air pollution.

   My father went to work by car every day , and today he went to work in his car.

   Please make a hole of 10 centimeters by 10 centimeters in the wall.

   The old man was nearly hit by a car.

   The desk is by the window.

   Don’t judge a book by its cover.

   The old man is making a living by selling newspapers.

   I am paid by the hour.

   This is sold by weight.

   The price of this kind of food has increased by 70%.

   ※ 重点操练

     – How did you pay these workers?

      --- Well, as a rule, they were paid ________.(按小时)

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、在午夜

 

2、某人对……很熟悉

 

3、说服

 

4、顽固的,固执的

 

5、梦想做某事

 

6、忧虑,关心,惦念

 

7、投降,屈服,让步

 

8、说服某人做某事

 

9、海拔,高度

 

10、可信赖的,可靠的

 

11、坚持做某事,坚持主张

 

12、改变主意

 

13、从那以后

 

14、下决心,决定

 

15、某事对某人是熟悉的

 

16、态度,看法

 

17、运送,运输

 

18、喜欢,喜爱

 

19、日记,杂志

 

20、组织,成立

 

21、坚定地神情

 

22、像往常一样

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词或词组

第一组:

properly, cycle, transport, insist, record, stubborn, brave, fare, familiar, camp

1 I live near our school. Sometimes I  _________  to school.
2 I ________ that the rude shop assistant should apologize to me.
3 My  daughter is so ________ that she cannot easily change her mind.
4 You only have to pay 20 dollars; children travel at half _________.
5 I signed up for the 2013 English Summer _________.
6 The notice is written in German. Is anyone _________ with the German language?
7 The boy was ________ enough to keep chasing after the thief with a knife.
8 Liu Xiang broke the world _________ for the men’s 110-meter hurdle.
9 If you get to Beijing, there are two kinds of ________ for you to choose—by air or train.
10 When you write it is important to use words _________.

第二组:

determine, topic, graduate plain, persuade, attitude, journal, shorts, proper, altitude

11 Fighting against terrorism(恐怖主义) has become an important ______ throughout the world these years.
12 Can you think of ways to _________ him to give up the plan?
13 When people are travelling they often write about their travels, which is called travel _______.
14 The Everest has an ________ of 8844.34 meters, according to the latest survey.
15 After putting on a T-shirt and ________, he went out to play tennis.
16 If you want to pass the exams, you’d better change your ________ towards them.
17 The soil of the Northeast _______ is fertile(肥沃的) and fine corn and rice grow there.
18 Upbringing(培养) plays an important part in _________ a person’s character.

19 Though she didn’t know the best way of getting to places,she insisted that she organize the trip _________.

20. Ever since__________, she had been determined to organize a trip to an old temple.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.After the flood,many things have been ____________(运送)to the flooded area.

2.I think you don’t know your own ____________(缺点).In fact,no one is perfect.

3.He is so ____________(顽固的)that nobody can change his mind.

4.We shouldn’t have a wrong ____________(态度)towards the students who are poor at their studies.

5.My grandfather is unhealthy all the time,but he isn’t interested in life ____________(保险).

6.The new bridge has been finished two years ahead of ____________(日程).

7.We are looking for someone who is ____________(可靠的)and hard­working.

8.We tried to ____________ (说服)him to give up smoking,but he just wouldn’t listen.

9.He is a ____________ young man. Once he has made up his mind,nothing can change it. He is famous for his ______________.(决心)

10.Children should learn to behave ____________ because ____________ words and behaviors will help them to reach their ambitions. In other words,if a person always behaves ____________,he will find it hard to realize his dream.(恰当)

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

part  ability  abroad  even  as  anyhow  also  prevent  attend  destroy  keep off    as well as  be addicted to

In my opinion, the Internet is helpful rather than harmful 1)______ someone else thinks. As is known to all, the Internet is playing a more and more important 2)______ in our daily life. On the Internet, we can read news at home and from 3)_______ and get as much information as we can. We can send e-mails or make phone calls to our family 4)____ _______ _____ to our friends. We can also 5) ________ the net school, read many books and even teach ourselves English. We can 6)_____ enjoy music, watch matches and play computer games on the Internet. We can 7)______ do shopping on line. Besides, we can improve our 8)_______ to operate the computer.

But we should not 9)____ ________ _____ the Internet, or we’ll get our life and study 10)_________. Besides, we should 11) _____ _____ the harmful websites. 12) _______, this doesn’t 13 )_________ the Internet becoming our friend. We can’t throw away the apple because of the core (果核), can we?

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

Wang Kun   ①   of taking a bike trip when she was in the middle school. After  ②   from college, she finally got the chance to do it. She and her sisiter were    ③   to cycle along Mekong River. Although Wang Wei didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she    ④   on finding the source of the river and began the journey there. Wang Kun told her the source of Mekong is in Qinghai Province,she gave me a determined look, which meant that she didn’t change    ⑤   . Wang Kun knew    ⑥   she   ⑦   up her mind, nothing could change it,so she had to    ⑧   in.

      Before they began the trip,they wanted to find some information about the Mekong River. They saw the river begins at an   ⑨   of more than 5,000 meters.It passes through deep     ⑩   ,traveling across western Yunan Province. At last it enters the South China Sea.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 自从深入地了解他以后,我改变了对他的看法。(get to know , since)  

2. 这次广播是事先录音的,不是现场直播。   ( be recorded in advance )

3. 他救出了一个快要淹死的人。    ( rescue , drown)

4. 那次坠机事件是今年最严重的空难。  (the worst air disaster )

5. 我必须努力把生活安排得更有条理。(organize one’s life )

6. 今天晚上我要跟Peter会面。他要带我去看戏。   (taking sb to )

7. 大多数接受采访的人都喜欢看电视而不喜欢听收音机。    (majority  , interview)  

8. 他宁可呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。   (prefer to …rather than …  ) 

9. 一旦养成了坏习惯,你就很难改掉它。    (form a bad habit  ,  get rid of )

10. 老师令人鼓舞的话使他决心更加努力学习。     (encourage , determine)

 

  

Unit Three

一、重点导学

1、being invited   2、tried to persuade  3、painted  4、on/upon being sent  5、seemed to have been 

6、make up my mind  7、stay  8、are living  9、With  10、by the hour

二、操练巩固

I、1、at midnight   2、sb. be familiar  with   3、persuade   4、stubborn   5、dream about sth./doing sth.

6、care about  7、give in    8、persuade sb. to do/into doing sth   9、altitude  10、reliable11、insist on doing sth.  12、change one′s mind  13、ever since   14、make up  one’s mind  15、sth.be familiar to sb   16、attitude   17、transport   18、be fond of   19、journal   20、organize  21、a determined look  22、as usual

II. 第一组:1 cycle  2 insisted  3 stubborn  4 fare  5 Camp  6 familiar  7 brave  8 record  9 transport  10

properly 
   第二组:11 topic   12 persuade  13 journal  14 altitude 15 shorts  16 attitude  17 Plain  18 determining      

19. properly    20. graduating

III. A 1.transported 2.shortcomings 3.stubborn 4.attitude 5.insurance 6.schedule 7.reliable 8.persuade 9.determined;determination 10.properly;proper;improperly

B  1) as 2) part 3) abroad 4) as well as 5) attend 6) also 7) even 8) ability  9) be addicted to 10) destroyed  11) keep off  12) Anyhow 13 ) prevent

IV.   ①dreamt   ②graduating  ③determined   ④insisted    ⑤mind  ⑥ once  ⑦made  ⑧give ⑨altitude    ⑩valleys

V. 1. Since getting to know him better, I’ve changed my mind about him.

2. The broadcast was recorded in advance, not live.

3. He rescued the man from drowning.

4. The airplane crash was the worst air disaster this year.

5. I must try to organize my life a bit better.

6. I’m meeting Peter tonight. He is taking me to the theater.

7. The majority of people interviewed prefer TV to radio.

8. He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping.

9. Once you form a bad habit,it’s very difficult to get rid of it.

10. The teacher’s encouraging words determined him to study harder.

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