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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修一 Unit Four  

2013-03-28 07:45:49|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit four   Earthquakes

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、burst  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

In the city, the water pipes in some buildings crached and burst. 城市里,一些大楼里的水管爆裂。

※ 拓展学习

  The square is bursting with tourists.

  I felt as if my heart would burst with joy. 

  The police burst through the door.

  There was a burst of laughter in the next room. 

  He burst in on our conversation.

  The speaker burst into angry speech.

The woman burst out crying like a child.

  I am bursting to tell you the news.

  ※ 重点操练

  Somehow or other, the baby______ into tears.(突然大哭)

2、suffer  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

The suffering of the people was extreme. 人们极度痛苦。

※ 拓展学习

He suffered terribly when his mother died.

   If I lost, my self-esteem will suffer.

   He suffered no pain

   I suffered most from lack of rest.

   I am suffering from a cold.

   ※ 重点操练

_______ such heavy pollution already , it may now be too late to clean up the river .(由于受到)

3、reach v.  词性:          词义:

※ 原句再现

The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.  伤亡人数达到四十多万。

※ 拓展学习

   They started early, hoping to reach there before dark.

   The number of the students in our school will reach 2000 next year.

Can you reach the book on the top of the shelf?

Please pass me the salt, it’s out of my reach.

Your letter reached me yesterday.

The news reached me just now.

Where does this road reach?

※ 重点操练

Most children stay at home until they ____ school age.(达到)

4、cover   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. 砖头象秋天的红树叶一样覆盖着地面。

 ※ 拓展学习

   The playground is covered by fallen leaves, we should clean it.

   I am covered by dust.

   She covered her face with her hands.

   The study of physics covers many subjects.

   The mother covered the baby from the falling ceiling.    

I can cover 100 Li on foot a day.

   How many pages have you covered?

   Our school covers an area of 60.000 square meters.

   The chief editor sent a reporter to cover the event.

   ※ 重点操练

   This book is said to be a special one which ________ many events not found in other history books.(包含)

5、to   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there.

    在城市北边,一万名矿工中的大多数被从煤矿中救了出来。

※ 拓展学习  

Shanghai is in the east of China.

Canada is on the north of the USA.

Japan lies to the east of China.

Japan lies east of China.

East of China lies Japan.

Taiwan is off the east of China.

My house is off the main road.

※ 重点操练

   Some birds fly _____ in winter and some stay in the north .(向南)

6、it  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

It is said but true that people die in earthquakes from falling furniture and bricks.

    据说但也是真的地震中人们被倒下的家具和砖头压死。

※ 拓展学习  

      It is a pity for me to miss the lecture.

      It is difficult for me to work out the math problem.

      It is very kind of you to help me.

It is important that you study English well.

  It is impossible that he (should) speak ill of you behind you.

      It is natural that he should fail. 

      It is no good smoking.

      It is a waste of time playing pc games.  

      It is a waste of money to buy these useless things.

      It is reported that China will send up another man-made satellite.

China is reported to send up another man-made satellite.

As is reported, China will send up another man-made satellite.

      It was yesterday that I met him in the street by chance.

  It is over 30 years since China began its reform.

※ 重点操练

______ is known to everybody, the moon travels around the earth once every month.(正如)

7、make sure = be sure  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

First, make sure you buy a house which is earthquake safe. 首先,确保你买的房子是防震的。

※ 拓展学习    

Be sure to come on time this afternoon.

I know there is a train to Beijing tonight, but you should make sure of the time.

We are sure that China will become a strong and powerful country.

※ 重点操练

It is ______ that they both have the greatest respect for each other. (肯定)

8、protect vt. 词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

They are one of the most important ways of protecting a house. 它们是保护房子最重要的方法之一。

※ 拓展学习 

To protect the environment, we should drive less.

You should wear a pair of dark glasses to protect your eyes from the snow.

Ge You speaks carefully in public to protect himself from being hurt.

The tree belts can protect this area against shifting sand.

※ 重点操练

   At the meeting, we reached a conclusion that we should do what we could ______ the Yellow River from

being further polluted.(保护)

9、as  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

Amazing as it may seem, Wednesday night was a quiet night.

虽然好像很惊奇的样子,星期三晚上还是很平静的。

※ 拓展学习 

   Boy as he is, he knows a lot. 

   Tired as he is, he keeps on studying.

   Try again as you will, you will not succeed.

   Carefully as he spoke, he made some mistakes.

※ 重点操练

   Child ______ he is, he has been to many places in the world.(虽然)

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、以……为自豪

 

2、掘出,发现

 

3、爆裂,爆发

 

4、放出,发出

 

5、为……筹集资金

 

6、损害,伤害

 

7、立刻,马上

 

8、成千上万

 

9、消失了,不见了

 

10、仿佛,好像

 

11、许多,大量的

 

12、掩蔽,掩蔽处,避身处

 

13、废墟,破败不堪

 

14、极度的

 

15、电流,电学

 

16、被围困/ 被困住

 

17、灾难,灾祸

 

18、对……感到震惊

 

19、真诚地

 

20、援救,营救

 

21、结束,终结

 

22、表达

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词

第一组:

pond, fresh, brick, electricity, organize, injure, judge, shake, rise, speech, disaster, destroy

 

 

 

1 Let me write it down while it is still _________ in my mind.
2 Without __________ our life would be quite different today.
3 He got _________ in the right leg while playing football last week.
4 When an earthquake comes people can feel the house _________.
5 At Jerry’s party, Mr Smith delivered an amusing _________.
6 If a nuclear war should break out, it would bring a great _________ to man.
7 Most of the buildings _________ in the earthquake.
8 From yesterday on the temperature began to _________.
9 Never _________ a person only by his clothes.
10 Our class went on an _________ trip last Monday.

第二组:

ruin, smelly, steam, honour, rescue, bury, shelter, dam, canal, burst, shock, prepare, mine

 

 

11 The clothes of those who smoke a lot are often __________.
12 Li Siguang is __________ as the father of geology in China.
13 After getting hanged Saddam Hussin _________ in his home town.

14 Reading the letter, she _________ out crying.
15 The students are busy __________ for the approaching exam.
16 He was greatly _________ at the news of his uncle’s death.
17 It looks like rain. We’d better seek _________ from the rain.
18 Five soldiers were sent to _________ those skiers trapped in the snow.
19 _________ can be seen rising from the boiling kettle(水壶).
20 The bad weather _________ our trip.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.The firemen____________(营救)three women from the burning house.

2.He couldn’t help____________(爆发)into tears when he saw his mother again.

3.Unluckily,the house that we talked about is in____________(废墟).

4. The soldiers____________(使陷入困境)their enemies and forced them to give in.

5.I find it hard to____________(判断)how the election will go.

6.On arriving there,we expressed our____________(祝贺)to him on his success.

7.We were____________(震惊)at their terrible working conditions.

8.The umbrella is a poor____________(避身处)from heavy rain.

9.Thousands of people died in the earthquake,and many children became homeless because of the natural____________(灾难).

10.On seeing the ________  scene,the little girl was so ________ that she burst out crying.(害怕)

11.Mr.Wang couldn’t ____________himself clearly when he heard the news,but I could tell from his ____________that he was very upset.(表达)

12.____________from what he said just now,he must be an honest man. On the contrary,he often tells lies,so we should not ____________a man by his appearance.(判断)

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

different  changeable  concerned  praise  change  destroy   take care of  quarrel with 

come down   as well as  concentrate on  look forward to

I’m a middle school student. My name is Li Hua. I once had a very happy family, but now everything has 1)_______ because of my father. He used to be a very good doctor and was often 2)_______ by his patients. He 3)_____ good ______ _____ the family and did housework every day. However, he is now quite a 4)_________ person. He plays mahjong all night; his temper is 5)__________and often 6)________ _______my mother. I just cannot 7)___________ ____ my studies and my grades are 8) _______ _____. I’m very much 9)________ and I’m afraid it will 10) ________ my family 11)____ _____ _____ my father. Could you help me and tell me what to do? I’m 12)______ _________ ____ your early reply. Thank you very much.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

A terrible earthquake hit the city of Tangshan on July 28, 1976, in which thousands of people died and many were   ①   . Many houses fell down and sand filled the wells   ②   water. People were greatly     ③   . All the electricity in the city was cut off and people began to wonder how long the   ④   would last. The whole city was completely    ⑤   and the world seemed at its end.

The people of Tangshan didn’t lose    ⑥   ,because 150,000 soldiers were sent to help the rescue workers. The soldiers tried their best to    ⑦   out those who were trapped. They also built shelters for the survivors. Fresh water was taken to the city by every means. Slowly ,the city begin to come back to   ⑧   .

It was said that before the quake, strange things were happening in the countryside. The water in the village wells   ⑨   . Fish jumped out of the ponds. Strange noises were heard in the sky, but people    ⑩   little of them.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 她一听到迈克尔·杰克逊死亡的消息,就失声痛哭起来。(Scarcely …… when……)

2. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。(All …… not ……)

3. 所有的钱都丢了,我无法回家。(With … lost/missing/gone…)

4. 他没敲门就闯进房间。( burst into )

5. 自从她走后,他全心扑在工作上。(bury oneself in)

6. 他埋头学习,不知道其他人都早已离开了。(分词作状语)

7. 勿以貌取人。( judge by)

8. 大城市里大量丰富的食品给这个来自小山村的穷苦的女孩留下了深刻的印象。(be deeply impressed by)

9. 正如你所见,目前道路上汽车的数量在不断增加。( keep doing)

10. 当把铅笔的一部分放进水里时,它看上去好像断了。(as if)

  

Unit Four

一、重点导学

1、burst   2、Having suffered  3、reach  4、covers  5、south / to the south  6、As  7、certain  8、to protect  9、as / though 

二、操练巩固

I、1、be proud of   2、dig out   3、burst   4、give out   5、raise money for   6、injure   7、right away 8、(tens of)thousands of   9、be gone   10、as if    11、a (great)number of   12、shelter   13、in ruins 14、extreme   15、electricity   16、be trapped in/by   17、disaster   18、be shocked at   19、sincerely  20、rescue   21、at an end   22、express

II.

第一组:1 fresh  2 electricity  3 injured  4 shaking  5 speech  6 disaster  7 were destroyed   8 rise  9 judge  10 organized 
第二组: 11 smelly  12 honoured  13 was buried  14 burst  15 preparing  16 shocked   17 shelter  18 rescue 

19 Steam  20  ruined

III.

A  1.rescued 2.bursting 3.ruins 4.trapped 5.judge 6.congratulations 7.shocked 8.shelter 9.disaster 10.frightening;frightened 11.express;expression,12.Judging;judge

B 1) changed 2) praised 3) took; care of 4) different 5) changeable 6) quarrels with  7) concentrate on 

8) coming down  9) concerned 10) destroy 11) as well as 12) looking forward to

IV.   ①injured   ②instead of    ③shocked   ④disaster    ⑤destroyed  ⑥hope  ⑦dig    ⑧life   ⑨rose    ⑩thought

V.

1. Scarcely had she heard the news about the death of Michael Jackson when she burst out crying / burst into tears.

2. All hope was not lost.

3. With all my money lost/missing/gone,I couldn’t go home.

4. He burst into the room without knocking at the door.

5. Since she left,he has buried himself in his work.

6. Buried/Absorbed in his study,he didn’t know that all the others had left.

7. Don’t judge a book by its cover.

8. The poor girl from a small village was deeply impressed by the large quantities of food in the big city.

9. As you can see,the number of cars on our roads keeps rising these days.

10. When a pencil is partly put into a glass of water,it looks as if it were broken.


 

 

Unit Four

一、重点导学

1、burst   2、Having suffered  3、reach  4、covers  5、south / to the south  6、As  7、certain  8、to protect  9、as / though 

二、操练巩固

I、1、be proud of   2、dig out   3、burst   4、give out   5、raise money for   6、injure   7、right away 8、(tens of)thousands of   9、be gone   10、as if    11、a (great)number of   12、shelter   13、in ruins 14、extreme   15、electricity   16、be trapped in/by   17、disaster   18、be shocked at   19、sincerely  20、rescue   21、at an end   22、express

II.

第一组:1 fresh  2 electricity  3 injured  4 shaking  5 speech  6 disaster  7 were destroyed   8 rise  9 judge  10 organized 
第二组: 11 smelly  12 honoured  13 was buried  14 burst  15 preparing  16 shocked   17 shelter  18 rescue 

19 Steam  20  ruined

III.

A  1.rescued 2.bursting 3.ruins 4.trapped 5.judge 6.congratulations 7.shocked 8.shelter 9.disaster 10.frightening;frightened 11.express;expression,12.Judging;judge

B 1) changed 2) praised 3) took; care of 4) different 5) changeable 6) quarrels with  7) concentrate on 

8) coming down  9) concerned 10) destroy 11) as well as 12) looking forward to

IV.   ①injured   ②instead of    ③shocked   ④disaster    ⑤destroyed  ⑥hope  ⑦dig    ⑧life   ⑨rose    ⑩thought

V.

1. Scarcely had she heard the news about the death of Michael Jackson when she burst out crying / burst into tears.

2. All hope was not lost.

3. With all my money lost/missing/gone,I couldn’t go home.

4. He burst into the room without knocking at the door.

5. Since she left,he has buried himself in his work.

6. Buried/Absorbed in his study,he didn’t know that all the others had left.

7. Don’t judge a book by its cover.

8. The poor girl from a small village was deeply impressed by the large quantities of food in the big city.

9. As you can see,the number of cars on our roads keeps rising these days.

10. When a pencil is partly put into a glass of water,it looks as if it were broken.

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