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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修一 Unit Five  

2013-03-28 07:48:46|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit five Nelson Mandela – a modern hero

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、fight  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

He fought against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War II.

   第二次世界大战中,他反对德国纳粹和日本侵略者。

※     拓展学习

We fought with the Soviet Red Army during World War II.

   Every one should fight against pollution.

   Nelson Mandela fought for the equal rights of the black people in South Africa.

   If you beat me again, I will fight back.  

※ 重点操练

   England fought ______ Germany in the war of 1914—1918.(和)

2、offer

   ※ 原句再现

He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems.

   他为贫穷的黑人群众提供法律引导。

※ 拓展学习 

   My daughter offered to clean the room yesterday.

   They offered me a cup of tea when I arrived.

   How much do you offer for my car? 

   He didn’t accept my offer.

※ 重点操练

      —Why are you looking pleased ?
        —Oh , I’ve just had a job _____. (提供)

3、see  词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.

   过去三十年来所出现的大量法律剥夺了我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。

※ 拓展学习 

   Did you see anyone go into the building?

   I can see some boys playing basketball on the playground.

   Looking up I saw his eyes fixed on me in curiosity.

   It was the first time the students had ever seen the teacher really angry.

   Seeing me in need of money, my father gave me some.

※ 重点操练

   I thought I saw Professor Davis ______ in the library last night.(工作)

4、at all  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.

   过去三十年来所出现的大量法律剥夺了我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。

※ 拓展学习

   What do you want to say at all ?

   I don’t want to learn English at all.

   If it rains tomorrow at all, we will put off the sports meet.

   It took me a long time to write an answer to your letter at all.

 There are over 2000 students in this school in all.

 The little boy can’t lift the heavy box, after all, he is only five.

 When you are studying English, you should remember the new words, learn some grammar, above all, you should study hard.

  First of all, you should finish your homework.

※ 重点操练

   I would like to rent a flat, modern, comfortable and ______ in a quiet environment.(最重要的是)

5、allow  词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

When this was not allowed… only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.

   当这一点不被允许…只有这个时候我们才决定以武力对武力。

※ 拓展学习

    Most teachers don’t allow noise in their classes.

    We don’t allow smoking in offices.

    Does your English teacher allow you to speak Chinese in his class?

※ 重点操练

What worried the child most was _____ to visit his brother in hospital.(他不被允许)

6、imagine   词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

You can’t imagine how the name of Ruben Island made us afraid.

   你无法想象罗本岛这个名字听起来多么令我们恐惧。

※ 拓展学习

Some people always imagine illnesses that don’t exist.

As I lie in bed I like to imagine that I am a student in the classroom.

I can’t imagine why they are against him.

I can’t imagine living without electricity. 

The fans can’t imagine Hou Yaohua lying on TV.

Ghosts are imaginary.

His imaginative writing made him a great writer.

※ 重点操练

I can hardly imagine Peter ______ across the Atlantic Ocean in five days.(航海)

7、find out   词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

However, the police found out and told my boss that I had been in prison for blowing up government buildings. 但是,警察发现了我的事情并且告诉了我的老板,由于炸毁了一些政府大楼我曾经坐过牢。

※ 拓展学习

 We must find out the truth of the matter.

 You will be sorry if we find out the secret.

If you keep on practicing, you will soon find out how to drive a car.

 How did you find out that he had had an H1N1 flu?

I haven’t found out who broke the window. 

※ 重点操练

   Tom is badly ill in hospital. The doctors are trying their best to______ what’s the matter with him.(找到)

8、against  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

Even the government is against him and has tried to break his company into two parts.

甚至连政府都反对他,并且试图把他的公司一分为二。

※ 拓展学习

 Who is really against you?

Everything here is against me.

Students’ smoking goes against the school rules.

 Don’t kick the ball against the wall.

 We went home against the wind yesterday.

 Put your bike against the tree.

 ※ 重点操练

Because we were sailing ______ the wind ,we had great difficulty in getting to the opposite bank.(迎着)

9、complete  词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

Choose the words or expressions from the brackets to complete the passage below.

    从括号中选词或短语完成下面短文。

※ 拓展学习

  This is a complete story.

  You are completely wrong.

  The building is complete now.

  The building has been completed.

  I want to buy two more books to complete my set.

※ 重点操练

When____, the museum will be open to the public next year. (完工)
二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、设立,建立

 

2、丧失信心或勇气

 

3、总统,会长,校长

 

4、使充气,爆炸

 

5、事实上

 

6、失业

 

7、暴力,暴行

 

8、法则,原则,原理

 

9、被判处……(徒刑)

 

10、担心,担忧

 

11、发现

 

12、上台,当权

 

13、学费

 

14、慷慨,大方的

 

15、质量,品质

 

16、在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑等的处境中

 

17、相等的,平等的

 

18、把某人投入监狱

 

19、忠实的,深爱的

 

20、意见,看法,主张

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词
第一组:

quality, cruelty, prison, blanket, vote, stage, degree, fight, reward, hero

1 The Society for the Prevention of _________ to Animals (SPCA 动物保护协会) is a well known organization

in the world.
2 The girl wrapped herself with a _________ to keep herself warm.
3 The famous actress first appeared on the _________ only in her teens.
4 The two boys who were _________ in the playground were ordered to stop.
5 People regarded him as a ________, for he saved a drowning 8-year-old boy out of a frozen lake.
6 You really deserve a _________ for being so helpful.
7 My uncle received a doctor’s _________of medicine in America in 1998 and returned to China the following       

year.
8 He obtained 89% of the __________ and was elected president of the Party.
9 Nelson Mandela was put in ________ a few times.
10 People often value the _________ of a product rather than its packaging.

第二组:

active, criminal, advise, guard, accept, position, educated, period, president, willing

11 The _________ was charged with robbing a bank and sentenced to death.
12 Two soldiers _________ the government office building all the time.
13 My father was promoted to a higher _________ for his achievements.
14 I stayed in Japan for only a short _________ of time.
15 Those boys are so helpful that they are always ________ to help others.
16 George Bush was elected _________ of the USA a second time in 2004.
17 All my family are well _________, of whom my brother studied in Harvard University.
18 I am a college teacher and never ________any bribe(贿赂) from others.
19 The doctor _________ me to take more exercise so that I can keep fit.
20 Some students are very ________ in answering teachers’ questions while others just keep silent when asked

any question.

第三组:

principle, sincerely, league, terror, youth, violence, peaceful, continue, fear, republic

21 I _________ hope that you won’t let me down.
22 To his ________, he found a figure coming towards him in the darkness.
23 What really worries those parents is that there is too much sex and _______ on TV.
24 The rain ________ falling all afternoon. But it came to a stop by dark.
25 PRC is short for the People’s _________ of China.
26 His son has been missing for five days and now police are beginning to _______ the worst.
27 After retirement she moved to the country and lived a ________ life.
28 The _________ play an important role in building our country.
29 I have been a ________ member for 3 years.
30 Stick to your ________ and tell him that you won’t do it.

第四组:把下列短语填入每个句子的空白处(注意所填短语的形式变化):

lose heart   in trouble   worry about   out of work  as a matter of fact    blow up    put…in prison 

come to power    set up   be sentenced to 

1 That building __________ yesterday and the police began to look into it.
2 Never _________; believe in yourself and keep up courage.
3 In America those who are __________ can live on relief(救济金).
4 He is very helpful; he always helps those _________ out of difficulty.
5 He pretends to be making comment on the drawings, but _________, he knows nothing about art.
6 Due to lots of thefts he was __________.
7 What I am _________ is whether I can find another job.
8 That chemical works, which _________ only two years ago, has been closed down recently, because it has

brought lots of pollution.
9 Saddam Hussin _________ death in 2006.
10 This party __________ at the last election.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.Bill Gates is a ____________(大方的)person,who has given millions of dollars to help many poor children.

2.He was involved in a bank robbery and was ____________(判刑)to three years in prison.

3.I became worried when I heard that he had been____________(袭击)by an animal on the way home.

4. It does serious harm to children’s character that too much____________(暴力)is shown on television.

5.The man who ____________(逃跑)from prison 10 years ago was arrested last week.

6.We should improve what is called the____________(质量)of living.

7.He gave the children some chocolate to____________(酬谢)them for behaving well.

8.If you’re____________(乐意的)to fly at night,you can get a much cheaper ticket.

9.We need to ____________ people so that they can understand the importance of a good,healthy diet.As is

known to us,a good ____________ will help us succeed.(教育)

10.用guide;guidance填空

(1)Your teacher can give you ____________on choosing a career and writing a job application.

(2)We hired a local ____________ to get us across the mountains.

(3)The experienced professor often ____________ students in their studies.

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

attention  advantage  atmosphere  chance  custom  sense  difficult  independently  therefore   as  create  bear  broaden    compare with   deal with 

 I think it is good to send teenagers abroad for further study.

1)_________ _______ China’s education,foreign education has many 2)___________. It has a good education 3)______,pays special _________ 4) to the training of students, abilities and 5)_______ relaxing self-study 6)____________ for them.In foreign schools,we don’t have to 7)_______ a heavy learning load 8)____ we do in China, and 9)___________ we can learn much and better. In foreign countries,we have more 10)__________ to 1earn about foreign culture,11)_______ and habits,which can 12)_________ our mind.

Though we have to look after ourselves abroad and maybe life is 13)__________ for us,it will help us train our ability to live 14)____________ and 15)_____ ______ problems.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

Do you know the former president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela? He    ①   for the black people and was in prison for thirty years. He helped the black people to get   ②   rights as the white people.

Elias was a student in a school. Because his family couldn’t    ③   to pay the school fees, he had to drop out of school. Then he found a job in a gold mine and he was worried whether he would be out of    ④   . It was during this diffcult     ⑤   of time that he met Nelson Mandela for the first time,who had opened a law firm to    ⑥   poor black people on their problem. At that time ,black people had no right to   ⑦   and their life was decided by the whites. Nelson Mandela said to Elias that they were put in a   ⑧   in which they had either to accept they were less important, or fight the government. So he decided to use    ⑨   . Though Elias didn’t like violence,he helped Nelson Mandela    ⑩   government buildings. He knew it was dangerous to do it, but he also knew it was to realize their dream of making black and white people equal.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 毫无疑问,他将为他所做的受到处罚。(doubt)

2. 他不可能把书带回家,因为他所有的书都在桌子上放着呢。(情态动词+have done)

3. 我拿不准这礼物是谁的。(belong to)

4. 她给了我们食物和衣服,没要求任何回报。(in return)

5. 一旦被加热,琥珀可以被制成各种形状。(连词+分词结构)

6. 她假装病了,请了一天假。(pretend)

7. 专家建议我们立刻采取行动与空气污染作斗争。(advise, fight)

8. 我承认那架飞机除了坠海之外,别无他法。(accept; choice)

9. 曾经有一段时间,年轻女子不被允许受教育。(allow)

10. 这些艺术家把终生献给了艺术,为艺术事业作出了巨大贡献。(devoted … to …)

  

Unit Five

一、重点导学

1、against  2、offered  3、working  4、above all  5、his not being allowed  6、sailing  7、find out 

8、against  9、completed 

二、操练巩固

I、1、set up    2、lose heart   3、president    4、blow up   5、as a matter of fact / in fact /actually 6、out of work   7、violence   8、principle   9、be sentenced to   10、worry about/be worried about  11、find out   12、come to power   13、school fee   14、generous   15、quality   16、in trouble  17、equal   18、put sb. in prison   19、devoted   20、opinion

II.

第一组:1 Cruelty  2 blanket  3 stage  4 fighting  5 hero  6 reward  7 degree  8 vote  9 prison  10 quality 
第二组:11 criminal  12 guard  13 position  14 period  15 willing  16 president  17 educated  18 accept 

19 advises  20 active 
第三组:21 sincerely  22 terror  23 violence  24 continued  25 Republic  26 fear  27 peaceful  28 youth 

29 league  30 principles 
第四组:

1 was blown up  2 lose heart  3 out of work  4 in trouble  5 as a matter of fact  6 put in prison   7 worrying about  8 was set up  9 was sentenced to 10 came to power

III. A  1.generous 2.sentenced 3.attacked 4.violence 5.escaped 6.quality 7.reward 8.willing 9.educate;education 10.(1)guidance (2)guide (3)guides

B  1) Compared with 2) advantages 3) sense 4) attention 5) creates  6) atmosphere 7) bear 8) as 9) therefore 10) chances 11) customs 12) broaden  13 ) difficult 14) independently 15) deal with

IV.   ①fought   ②equal   ③continue   ④work    ⑤period   ⑥advise   ⑦vote    ⑧position   ⑨violence  ⑩blow

V.

1. There’s no doubt that he will be punished for what he has done.

2. He can’t have taken his books home for all of them are lying on the table.

3. I am not quite sure who /whom the gift belongs to.

4. She gave us food and clothes and asked for nothing in return.

5. Once heated , the amber can be made into any shape.

6. She pretended to be ill and took a day off work.

7. The expert advised us to take immediate action to fight against air pollution.

8. I accept that the plane has no choice but to crash into the sea.

9.There was a time when young girls were not allowed to receive education. .

10. These artists devoted all their life to art,and made great contributions to the artistic field.

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