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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修2 Unit One  

2013-04-02 17:05:22|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit One   Cultural relics

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、search   词性:          词义:

  ※ 原句再现

In search of the amber room  寻找琥珀屋

※ 拓展学习

   We searched the whole town, but could not find one flower shop.

What are you searching for? Money? 

The teacher searched his heart trying to find out if he was wrong to scold the student.

He searched through his pockets but still couldn’t find his keys.

The man walked through the streets in search of his lost bike.

※ 重点操练

She tried _______, but failed; now she could do nothing but wait till her husband came.(在口袋里找钥匙)

2、be used  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. 这个礼物就是琥珀屋,起这个名字是因为做它用了好几吨的琥珀。

 ※ 拓展学习

   Wood is used to build houses.

   Wood is used for building.

   The old man used to tell stories to children.

   The old man used not to tell stories to children.

   The old man didn’t use to tell stories to children.

   Used the old man to tell stories to children?

   Did the old man use to tell stories to children?

   I have got used to getting up early in the morning.

※ 重点操练

   Wind______ electricity widely in many parts of the world.(被用于生产)

3、select  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown color like honey.

   被挑选的琥珀有着像蜂蜜一样漂亮的黄棕色。

 ※ 拓展学习

    You can select a coat for yourself.

    The woman selected the best things from the shop.

    Finally I chose the job that the company offered.

    All the people agreed to elect me their chairman.

Will you help me pick out the good apples? 

※ 重点操练

This picture was taken a long time ago. I wonder if you can ____ my father.(认出)

4、fancy   词性:          词义:

    ※ 原句再现

The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.

   房屋设计采用了当时流行的奇特风格。

※ 拓展学习

 Nowadays some students like to wear fancy clothes.

Don’t fancy that you can succeed without hard word.

 Fancy meeting you here.

I think he will come to help me but it is only my fancy.

※ 重点操练

______her saying a thing like that! (想不到)

5、popular  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.  房屋设计是当时流行的奇特风格。

 ※ 拓展学习

   That old song is not popular now.

   He is one of the most popular teachers in the school.

   Customers would like to pay a popular price.

   That is a popular mistake the students often make.

※ 重点操练

   Professor Smith is ______ among the students. (受欢迎)

6、belong  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William I, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it.  然而,下一位普鲁士国王,腓特烈.威廉一世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。

※ 拓展学习

   Does this key belong to that door? 

   You don’t belong to our group.

The pan belongs under the sink.

The cups belong on the shelf.

China belonging to the Third World is developing fast.

※ 重点操练

   China has been developing rapidly since its foundation ,but as is known to us , she is still a country _____ the

Third World .(属于)

7、serve  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

About four meters long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors.

   大约有四米长,房子被作为接待重要访客的接待室使用。

 ※ 拓展学习

   We students should try to serve our parents at home occasionally.

   Is there anyone here to serve us?

   We don’t serve breakfast here.

   Supper will be served at seven.

   How many years have you served in the army?

   It is your turn to serve.

※ 重点操练

      ---Can I help you, sir?

      ---No, thanks, I______.(正在被接待)

8、light  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

Almost six hundred candles lit the room, and its mirrors and pictures shone like gold.

   六百个蜡烛把房子照得通亮,房子里的镜子和画像金子一样闪闪发亮。

 ※ 拓展学习

   Don’t light the candle, there is already a lighted one.

   One light can’t light the big room.

   The good news lit his face.

   Our classroom is big and light.

   The walls of my daughter’s room is light green.

   There are eight lights in our classroom.

   Light travels faster than sound.

   The man came over and asked for a light.

   Helen Keller was a light in the history of the blind world.

※ 重点操练

      – Will the cottage be cold?

       ---Yes. Make sure you _______the heater. (打开)

9、consider  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is now missing.

   虽然琥珀屋被看作世界上的奇迹之一,但悲伤的是,现在它丢了。

 ※ 拓展学习

You should consider the matter carefully.

We haven’t considered when to start.

Have you considered what course you will take when you are in college?

I am considering giving up smoking.

We all consider that the educational reform in China is necessary.

We consider it important for students to learn English well.

Do you consider me your friend?

Our English teacher considers my English greatly improved.

Some foreigners consider Xi’an to be a good place to live in.

 ※ 重点操练

    To be away from the noise, he was considering _____ to the country.(搬到)

10. remain  词性:          词义:

   ※ 原句再现

After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.

   那以后,琥珀屋到底发生了什么仍然还是个迷。

 ※ 拓展学习

   What remains after something is burned.  

If you take five from ten, five will remain.

   I will not remain long in Xi’an.

   The breakfast remained untouched.

   The small town remained the same year after year.

   I bought him a gift with the remaining one Yuan.

   There is nothing left in the fridge.

  ※ 重点操练

   Nothing ____ after the terrible fire which had been caused by someone smoking in bed.(剩下)

11、worth  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or Yuan Ming Yuan in Beijing?

    重建像琥珀屋或北京圆明园这样的文化遗址值得吗?

※ 拓展学习

The book is worth ten Yuan.

The second-hand car that you bought is not worth the price.

The book is well worth reading.

Xi’an is worth a second visit.

He is not worthy to take the position.

All these matters are worthy of attention.

Some students think English is not worthy of being studied.

It isn’t worth your while to deal with this kind of problem.

It isn’t worth while playing pc games day and night.

He thinks teaching English in a middle school is worthwhile.

※ 重点操练

They all say TITANIC is a good movie which is worth ______second time.(再看一次)

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、装饰有

 

2、属于

 

3、移动,搬开

 

4、爆炸

 

5、处于交战状态

 

6、少于

 

7、奇特的,想象,爱好

 

8、怀疑,疑惑

 

9、调查,朝里面/深处看

 

10、作为报答,作为交换

 

11、而不是

 

12、装饰,装修

 

13、根据,证据,证物

 

14、依某人看来

 

15、拆开,拆散

 

16、看重,器重

 

17、幸免,幸存,生还

 

18、可用于,充当

 

19、寻找

 

20、争论,辩论

 

21、风格奇特的

 

22、争论,辩论

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词或短语

第一组:

wonder, state, remove, remain, furniture, survive, fancy, cultural, style, design, jewel, vase, reception, vase, rare, dynasty

1 Matter has three ________: solid, gas and liquid.
2 All the passengers should ________ seated until the plane touches down.
3 It was a miracle that three persons ________ that big fire.
4 There are some _________ differences between the east and the west.
5 It was my father who _________the bridge.
6 Those few foreigners show great interest in this Chinese ________, dating back to 800 years ago.
7 Li Bai, a great ancient Chinese poet, lived in the Tang _________.
8 Our government has passed laws to protect the ________ wildlife that are dying out.
9 If you want to buy a house, you may come into the _________ room for further information.
10 Our company deals in kinds of ________.
11 The hotel has been redecorated but it’s lost a lot of its _________.
12 She didn’t ________the idea of going home in the dark.
13 After moving into the new apartment we will buy a new set of _________.
14 Will you please _________ the chair? It’s in the way.
15 It is no ________ that he failed again, for he had never studied hard.

treasure, mirror, sailor, consider, opinion, trial, evidence, doubt, prove, secretly, castle, pretend

第二组:

 

 

16 Peter, what is that spot on your face? Just look at yourself in the _________.
17 I don’t like my present job, so I am _________ changing a new one.
18 The murderer was finally sentenced to death after a few _________.
19 Do you ________ that our class will beat theirs at the basketball match?
20 I told her _________ what had happened to him.
21 When he passed by, he _________ not to see me.
22 Your dream is nothing but “_________ in the air”.
23 What he said ________ that he was very honest and sincere.
24 There is convincing _________ of a link between exposure to the sun and skin cancer.
25 If you want my _________, I think you are crazy not to accept it.
26 Smith used to be a _________ in his twenties.
27 The police found buried ________ in the backyard of the white house.

第三组:根据句子意思写出括号内所给单词的正确形式。

1. The official ordered the murderer be ________________(sentence) to death right away.

2. In the past, women had no right to _____________(vote) in many countries.

3. We ____________(reward) the boy with a lovely present for bringing back our lost dog.

4. Many people devoted themselves to ____________(design) a torch for the game.

5. He ____________(remove) his trousers and I found the wound.

6. My parents have always __________(accept) me just as I am.

7. All US citizens in the area have been _____________(advise) to return home.

8. Who can ____________(prove) that China has more people than any other country in the world?

9. Only women and children _____________(remain) in the village when the men went out to work.

10. He ____________(pretend) to be doing his homework when he saw his mother come in.

III.  A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.He lets his daughter____________(挑选)her own birthday present in the shop.

2.On arriving at the hotel,I approached the ____________(接待) desk to check in.

3.He proved himself innocent by providing a lot of ____________(证据).

4. Three children were ____________(开除)from the school for their bad behaviors.

5.It was a terrible accident. Very few passengers____________(幸存)it.

6.The two of them have____________(装饰)their new house romantically to celebrate their new life together.

7.The gloves were____________(设计)for extremely cold climates.

8.Our boss____________(爆发)with anger when he saw the sales report.

9.The island is deserted,and the chance of ____________of the five ____________of the shipwreck is slim.(survive)

10.It was____________ that all the ____________we collected proved him to be guilty.(evident)

11.All of us were ____________at his really ____________talent for music.(amaze)

12.用worth的适当形式填空

(1)Without thinking carefully about spending my money,I bought many ____________ things.

(2)Although we take an hour a day for exercise,it is well ____________ it.

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

 

burden  guidance  quality  problem  therefore  either  even  tell    look after     in turn

I don’t think it is good to send teenagers abroad to study.

Compared with China’s education,foreign education has many 1)________. Some foreign schools are not as good as those of our country in teaching 2)________. In those schools,students can’t learn more,and 3)_________ waste a lot of money, which is a heavy 4)_______ to their families. Teenagers are too young to 5)_____ ______ themselves 6)______ in their study or in their daily life,which 7)____ ______ will bring a lot of trouble to them.As they often don’t have the ability to 8)_____ right from wrong, and lack necessary help and 9)__________,some lose their interest in studies and 10)_______ learn something bad.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

 The Amber Room,  ① was considered one of the wonders of the world., is now missing. At first it was ②   for the palace of Frederick I. Several tons of amber were used to make it. It    ③   the best artists ten years to complete. Then the next King of Prussia gave it to Peter the Great. He used the room as a small   ④   hall for important visitors. Later, Catherine II had her artists     ⑤    more details to the room. Sadly, a war    ⑥    out and the Nazis secretly stole the room itself.   ⑦    then on, what happened to the Amber Room remains a   ⑧    . By studying old photos of the   ⑨    Amber Room, the Russians and Germans built a new room in      ⑩    of the 300th  birthday of their city.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子

1. 我打算尽最大努力去掉你对我不好的印象。(remove the bad impression )

2. 他给了我那么多帮助,我真心想为他做些什么作为回报。(so…that)

3. 从那以后,琥珀屋的去处便成了一个谜。(happen to)

4. 在审判中,一位法官必须断定哪些证人的话可以相信,哪些不可以相信。(decide which)

5. 你认为大楼被烧是意外事故,还是有意为之?(be burnt down)

6. 这个实验的目的是想测试这种新药品。(be designed to…)

7. 这个地方值得参观。(be worthy of …/worthy of ./worthy …)

8. 你去那儿之前与他预约是值得的。(be worthwhile doing)

9.为了丢失的文件,我们搜查了每一个房间。(searched … for…)

10. 理论以实践为基础,反过来又为实践服务。(in turn)

 

一、重点导学

1、searching the pockets for her keys  2、is used to produce  3、pick out  4、Fancy  5、popular 

6、belonging to  7、am being served  8、light  9、moving  10、remained  11、seeing a 

二、操练巩固

I、 1、be decorated with   2、belong to   3、remove   4、explode   5、(be) at war   6、less than 

7、fancy  8、doubt  9、look into   10、in return(for)   11、rather than   12、decorate   13、evidence  

14、in one’s opinion   15、take apart   16、think highly of   17、survive  18、serve as   19、in search of  20、debate   21、be of the fancy style  22、debate   

II.

第一组:1 states  2 remain  3 survived  4cultural  5 designed  6 vase  7 Dynasty 8 rare  9 reception 

10 jewels  11 style  12 fancy  13 furniture  14 remove  15 wonder 
第二组:16 mirror  17 considering  18 trials  19 doubt  20 secretly  21 pretended  22 castles  23 proved 

24 evidence  25 opinion  26 sailor  27 treasure
第三组: 1. sentenced  2. vote   3. rewarded    4. designing      5. removed  6. accepted7. advised   

8. prove  9. remained   10. pretended

III.

A  1.select 2.reception 3.evidence 4.removed 5.survived 6.decorated 7.designed 8.exploded 9.survival;survivors 10.evident;evidence 11.amazed;amazing 12.(1)worthless (2)worth

B  1)problems 2) quality 3) therefore 4) burden 5) look after 6) either 7) in turn 8) tell 9) guidance10) even

IV.  ①which   ②designed   ③took   ④reception  ⑤add ⑥broke  ⑦From   ⑧mystery  ⑨former   ⑩celebration                          

V.

1. I am going to do all I can to remove the bad impression you have of me.

2. He has given me so much help that I really want to do something for him in return.

3. After that,what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.

4. In a trial,a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe

5. Do you think the building was burnt down by accident or by design?

6. The experiment is designed to test the new drug.

7. The place is worthy of a visit/worthy of being visited/worthy to be visited.

8. It is worthwhile making an appointment with him before you go there.

9. We searched every room for the missing papers.

10. Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice.

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