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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修三 Unit One  

2013-04-05 22:34:46|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit one  Festivals around the world

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、take place   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Discuss when they take place. 讨论一下它们什么时候发生。

※ 拓展学习

   When did the wedding take place?

   The opening of the play will take place tomorrow night.

   A traffic accident happened in the street this morning.

   Great changes have taken place in China in the past 30 years.

   The First World War broke out in 1914.

※ 重点操练

      –When did the concert_____?(举行)

---Oh, two days ago.

2、starve  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months.

   那个时候如果食物难找人会饿死的,尤其是寒冷的冬天。

※ 拓展学习

   Many children in Africa are starving to death.

   Because there is no food, the people are starving.

   If you waste any food again, I will starve you.

   Some people starve themselves to lose weight.

※ 重点操练

They ______ for the experience of practical work.(迫切需要)

3、dress up  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

It is now a children’s festival, when they can dress up and go to their neighbor’s homes to ask for sweets.

   现在成了一个儿童节日,节日期间孩子们打扮起来,去邻居家要糖果。

※ 拓展学习

   They dress up as Father Christmas during Christmas.

   It’s only an informal party, you needn’t dress up.

   Would you please dress the children up?

   Why are you dressed up?

※ 重点操练

   A fresh coat of paint will ______ the old bicycle very much.(焕然一新)

4、as though=as if   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow.

    整个国家到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像是覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。

 ※ 拓展学习

    He treats me as though I were his son.    

She was shaking with fear as though he had seen a ghost

 It looks as though it is going to rain.

 It seems as though he knows everything.

※ 重点操练

    It looks______ the coming autumn harvest will be even better than the last one.(似乎)

5、turn up   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

But she didn’t turn up. 但是她没来。

※ 拓展学习

   For some reason he didn’t turn up.

   Your lost pen may turn up some day.

   Please turn up TV, I can’t hear it clearly.

   Turn up the gas, vegetables should be cooked quickly.

   I sense something will turn up.

   No one knows what will turn up tomorrow.

※ 重点操练

   The performance supposed to be popular _____ to be a great disappointment after it was over.(结果)

6、set off   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

As Li Fang set off for home,  当李方动身回家的时候,

※ 拓展学习

   They set off on a fine morning.

The car set off in a cloud of dust.

The children are setting fireworks off in the garden.

Do be careful with these fireworks, a slight spark could set them off.

That set all of them off laughing again.

He was so angry now, a word from her would set him off.

The teacher’s word set off a heated debate.

Careless handling of international relations can set off a war.

The frame sets off your painting very well.

※ 重点操练

   It’s ten years since the scientist _____ on his life’s work of discovering the valuable chemical.(着手)

7、remind  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

I don’t want them to remind me of her.  我不想它们使我想起她。

  ※ 拓展学习

Please remind me about the meeting this afternoon.

Can you remind me about the time of the train?

 The boy’s story reminded me of my childhood.

Please remind me to get up at seven tomorrow morning.

Thank you for reminding me of giving back the money to you.

※ 重点操练

    This ______ us of what we did together during our holiday.(提醒)

8、be prepared  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Everyone who comes must be prepared to keep moving, as it is too cold to stand and watch for long.

    要来的人必须准备好不停的走动,应为天太冷你不可能站在那儿看很长时间。

※ 拓展学习 

He is not prepared to help me.

You must be prepared to what he will say.

Li Ming is not prepared for the question.

※ 重点操练

     Seeing the soldiers well _____ for the flood-fight, the general nodded with satisfaction.(准备)

9、speed  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

One of the favorite events is the dog-sled race, in which teams of about six husky dogs pull long sleds at great speeds along a snowy track.

   最喜欢的一个比赛项目就是狗拉雪橇比赛,比赛中六个强壮的狗拉着雪橇高速的越过雪道。

  ※ 拓展学习

    The car is running with all speed.

    The two balls fell at the same speed and hit the ground at the same time.

    Man-made satellites have to fly at the speed of 11.2 kilometers per second to escape the earth gravity.

※ 重点操练

    —I think John will win the race.

     —Yes, he started off ______ a great speed.(以…速度)

 二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、发生

 

2、祖先,祖宗

 

3、纪念,追念

 

4、打扮,装饰,盛装

 

5、使饿死

 

6、明显的。显而易见的

 

7、开玩笑

 

8、期望,期待,盼望

 

9、日夜,整天

 

10、提醒,使想起

 

11、宗教上的,信奉宗教的

 

12、和……玩得开心

 

13、出现,到场,结果

 

14、许可,允许

 

15、淹没,浸泡在

 

16、守信用,履行诺言

 

17、农业的,农艺的

 

18、赞美,钦佩,羡慕

 

19、出发,动身

 

20、好像

 

21、屏住呼吸

 

 

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词
第一组:

handsome, clothing, social, award, satisfy, national, gain, starve, watermelon, religious

1 Never believe in him; He is nothing but a wolf in sheep’s ________.
2 He was ________ the Hero of the City for having saved a boy from the big fire.
3 The March of the Volunteer(义勇军进行曲) is the Chinese ________ anthem.
4 Mum, I am _______. Is dinner ready?
5 –What’s your _________ belief? – Islam.
6 I like fruit, such as pineapples, mangoes, grapes and _______.
7 China didn’t ________ its independence until 1949.
8 Your answer is quite _________. I am satisfied with it.
9 She is very _________ and has a large circle of friends.
10 After selling the old car, I bought a new _______ one made in Germany.

第二组:

feast, independence, agricultural, ancestor, admire, daily, Christian, rooster, lamp, gather 

11 America declared its _________ on July 4, 1776.
12 In China Tomb-sweeping Day(清明节) is a day to be in memory of their _______.
13 These machines are inspected twice ________.
14 _________ has the same meaning as cock.
15 I am now _________ convincing information for my paper.
16 It was Edison who invented the electric _________.
17 Those who believe in Christianity are called _________.
18 I _________ him for his bravery and determination. He made it in the end.
19 The central government has made a series of _________ policies to encourage farmers to work the land.
20 They held a grand wedding ________ at a five-star hotel. More than 500 guests were invited.

第三组:

weep, permission, couple, energetic, possibility, European, forgive, origin, obvious, drown, announcer, apologise, fool, sadness, arrival 

21 Without my ________ anyone is not allowed to enter.
22 To get the job done, one should be ________ and dynamic(动力的).
23 Britain, France and Germany are all developed _________ countries.
24 Do you know the _________ of the earth?
25 When the girl was saved up the shore, she was almost _________.
26 If you do something wrong you should ________ to others.
27 You were ________ enough to believe him.
28 On my _________ home I found the front door open.
29 At the news, he was lost in deep ________.
30 There came the ________ voice, “Flight for Beijing delayed due to thick fog”.
31 It was very _________ that he showed no interest in our plan.
32 Please ________ me for coming late.
33 Is there any _________ that our team will defeat theirs?
34 We haven’t seen each other for a ________ of days.
35 I ________ to see him looking so sick.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.All of us____________(钦佩)the three-year-old boy named Lang Zheng for his bravery.

2.The____________(可能性)that the majority of the labor force will work at home in the near future is often discussed.

3.The Nobel Prize is____________(授予)to those who make great contributions in many fields every year.

4. Football fans without tickets____________(聚集)around the TV in the corner of the bar to watch the World Cup.

5.Wherever you work,you will____________(获得)much valuable experience as long as you are willing to work.

6.David____________(道歉)for having kept us waiting for hours outside.

7.When I returned,there was a note on the table,____________(使想起)me about Jane’s birthday that night.

8.____________(原谅)me,but I’m busy at the moment;I can’t go out with you.

9.用believe的适当形式填空

(1)People all over the world hold the ____________ that the economy will soon recover and life will improve.

(2)At first people refused to ____________ such a thing(to be)possible.

10.用permit的适当形式填空

(1)Among the most common illegal acts are fishing without ________ and catching more than the limit?(permit)

(2)Since you have a____________,would you like to go fishing if time____________.(permit)

B 选用下列单词或短语的适当形式完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

scene  drunk  seriously  fortunately  although  invite  forget  regret  enjoy  persuade  wind  insist on  run into  worse still 

My uncle will never 1)______ what happened to him yesterday. Towards the evening, he was 2)_______ to an inn. He 3)_______ his dinner with his friends, drinking a lot of beers. As a result, he got 4)________. He 5)_______ ______ driving home after the meal, 6) __________ his friends tried to 7)_________ him not to. A few minutes later, he was 8)________ his way on the street. And then his car 9)______ ______ a tall tree. 10)___________, he was still alive, though 11)_________ injured. The police came to the 12)________, and he was taken to hospital. Naturally, he had to stay in hospital for several days. 13 )_______ ______, his driving license was revoked. How he 14) _________ what he had done!

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

There are four different kinds of     ①    that occur in most parts of the world. Festival of the dead are for honoring or satisfying dead   ②    or others, who some people believe might return to help or    ③    living people. The Chinese, Japanese and Mexican festival of the dead all have   ④    to honor the dead.    ⑤     festivals are happy events because people are    ⑥    that food is ready for winter and the hard farm work is  ⑦    . At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to   ⑧    the end of winter and the    ⑨    of spring. It is important to have festivals and celebrations so we can enjoy life, be      ⑩    of our customs and forget our work for a little while.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子(11-15为英译汉)

1) We share common experiences and ________________________ (面临共同的任务).

2) He felt ashamed because he ___________________________ (未能履行他的诺言).

3) It's so noisy outside that I can’t ________________________(把注意力集中在学习上)。

4) He ___________________(把报纸叠起来) and handed it to me.

5) He _________________________(被迫离开了祖国) for political reasons.

6) ---How can you borrow my computer without asking?  

---Oh, ___________________(我忘了告诉你). I hope you don’t mind.

7) _____________________ (你很幸运) to have escaped being hurt in the accident.

8)他们的结婚日期定了没有? 

__________________________________________.

9)那个奥林匹克获胜者获得了一枚金牌作为奖励。

 

________________________________________________________.

10)这所学校教学优秀,远近称誉。

 

_____________________________________________________________.

11) Lack of time forbids any further discussion at the point.

   ______________________________________________________________.

12) Many Chinese universities provide scholarships for students in need of financial aid.

____________________________________________________________________.

13) He never fails to write to his mother every week.

 __________________________________________________________.

14) All our drinks are free of artificial colorings.

_____________________________________________________.

15) His words were very frightening. We were frightened at the thought of what he had said. 

 _________________________________________________________ 

一、重点导学

1、take place  2、starve  3、dress up  4、as though / as if  5、turned up  6、set out  7、reminded  8、prepared 9、at 

二、操练巩固

I、

1、take place   2、ancestor   3、in memory of   4、dress up   5、starve   6、obvious   7、play a trick on  8、look forward to   9、day and night   10、remind… of …   11、religious   12、have fun with   13、turn up  14、permission   15、drown …in …   16、keep one’s word   17、agricultural   18、admire 19、set off   20、as if / as though   21、hold one’s breath

II.

第一组:1 clothing  2 awarded  3 national  4 starving  5 religious  6 watermelons  7 gain  8 satisfying 

9 social  10 handsome 

第二组:11 independence  12 ancestors 13 daily  14 Rooster  15 gathering  16 lamp  17 Christians 

18 admire  19 agricultural  20 feast 

第三组:21 permission  22 energetic  23 European  24 origin  25 drowning  26 apologise  27 fool 

28 arrival  29 sadness  30 announcer’s  31 obvious  32 forgive  33 possibility  34 couple  35 wept
III.

A 1.admire 2.possibility 3.awarded 4.gathered 5.gain 6.apologized 7.reminding 8.Forgive 9.(1)belief   (2)believe 10.(1)permission (2)permit;permits

B  1) forget 2) invited 3) enjoyed 4) drunk 5) insisted on 6) although 7) persuade 8) winding  9) ran into

10) Fortunately 11) seriously 12) scene 13 ) Worse still 14) regretted

IV.  ①festivals  ②ancestors  ③harm  ④customs   ⑤Autumn  ⑥thankful/ grateful  ⑦finished   ⑧celebrate  ⑨coming  ⑩proud

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子(11-15为英译汉)

1) face common tasks    2) failed to carry out his promise   3) focus my attention on my studies.

4) folded the newspaper  5) was forced to leave his homeland   6) I forgot to tell you

7) You are quite fortunate   8) Have they fixed a date for their wedding?

9) The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award.

10) The school is widely admired for its excellent teaching.

11) 由于时间不够,现在不能深入讨论这个问题。

12) 很多中国大学为需要经济资助的大学生提供奖学金。。

13 ) 他从来没有忘记每周给母亲写信。

14) 我们所有的饮料不含人工色素。

15) 他的话很恐怖, 一想到他所说的话我们就害怕。

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