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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高三总复习 必修四 Unit Three  

2013-05-11 08:17:09|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit Three  A taste of English humor

一、重点导学

根据所给句子判断知识点的词性词义,并归纳其用法

1、break into   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Why did you have to break into the same shop three times?

   你为什么闯入同一个商店三次?

※ 拓展学习

   The thieves planned to break into a bank.

   If you lose your key, you have to break into the house.

   The man broke into laughter.

   The horse broke into a gallop.

   I don’t like my talk broken into.

   It is impolite to break into other’s conversation.

   Buying that car broke into my deposit in the bank.

   Playing pc games breaks into much of my spare time.

※ 重点操练

He ____ from his family and settled down in America.(脱离)

2、content   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

He made people laugh at a time when they felt depressed, so they could feel more content with their lives.

   在感到沮丧的时候,他可以使人们开怀大笑,于是人们就对自己的生活感到比较满意。

   feel / be content with  满意;满足

※ 拓展学习

    My parents are content with me.

    You should be content with what you have.

    Chen Guangbiao is always content to help others.

    Who is content to go with me?

 ※ 重点操练

    That rich woman is tired of city life ,so she is _______ to live in the country .(乐于)

3、leave  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even worse off…

   不幸的是他的父亲去世了,使得他的家境更加艰难。

※ 拓展学习

   He left his book open on the desk and went out.

   His illness left him weak.

   They left the breakfast untouched.

   You can’t leave your homework unfinished before going to bed.

   Don’t leave her waiting outside in the rain.

   What he said left me thinking deeply.

   His father died, leaving him in heavy debt.

   The school left the class in the charge of Mr Yang.

※ 重点操练

   He is very tired working all day. Don’t        him waiting outside in the rain any longer.(让)

4、badly off   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Unfortunately his father died, leaving the family even worse off…

   不幸的是他的父亲去世了,使得他的家境更加艰难。

※ 拓展学习

   Some people are still badly off now.

   My family was badly off when I was young.

   The economy in Dubai is worse off now.

   I should have been badly off without your friendship.

※ 重点操练

   The refugees are ______for blankets, and even worse off for food. (需要)

5、go by  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

As time went by, he began making films. 随着时间推移,他开始拍电影。

※ 拓展学习

   Three years has gone by before I knew it.

   I saw your father when I went by your house.

   Going by his accent, he must be from the south.  

Don’t go by that clock, it has broken down.

※ 重点操练

As time ____ , the theory proved correct.(推移)

6、throughout   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

He grew more and more popular as his charming character, the little tramp, became known throughout the world.   他迷人的性格、小乞丐的样子越来越受到人们的欢迎,因此他闻名于世。

※ 拓展学习

   The baby cried throughout the night.

   We were bored throughout his speech.

   The Spring Festival is celebrated throughout China.

   It snowed throughout Xi’an last night.

   He was caught in the rain and was wet throughout.

   The guards searched the man throughout.

※ 重点操练

   With the help of technology, we can call people______ the world.(整个)

7、pick out   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Charlie first picks out the laces and eats them as if they were spaghetti.

   查理首先挑出鞋带来吃,就像是吃意大利面条一样。

※ 拓展学习

    My wife is going to pick out a new jacket for me with me.

Please pick out the one you want.

Can you pick me out in the old picture?

I can pick him out easily in the crowd because he is wearing a red cap.

    The woman selected the best tings from the shop.

    Finally I chose the job that the company offered.

    All the people agreed to elect me their chairman.

    Will you help me pick out the good apples? 

 ※ 重点操练

    This picture was taken a long time ago. I wonder if you can ____ my father.(认出)

8、cut off  词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak.

   然后他把皮鞋的顶部切开,就好象切最好的牛排一样。

※ 拓展学习

   When there is a fire, the first thing you do is to cut off electricity.

   The water supply has been cut off again.

   Draw the curtain to cut off the sun.

   The tall building cut off our view.

   We were cut off in the middle of our conversation.

   I don’t know if it is the practice of the telecommunications to cut you off when you are on line.

   He cut off a small piece of bread and gave it to me.

   It’s better to cut off the old branches.

※ 重点操练

   When a fire happens, the electricity should ______ first.(切断)

9、whisper   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Sherlock Holmes looked up at the stars and whispered.

夏洛克.福尔摩斯抬起头看着星星并低声说。

※ 拓展学习

Don’t whisper the word in my ear.

Whisper so that no one else can hear.

It is whispered that he will leave our school.

It is whispered that there will be another bigger earthquake soon.

It is his custom to say anything in whisper.

We heard a whisper that you have been arrested.

※ 重点操练

Mum ________ to us, “Be quiet! Your little sister’s sleeping.”(小声)

10、get   词性:          词义:

 ※ 原句再现

Sometimes other people can get caught in the fun too. 有时别人也能感受到乐趣。

※ 拓展学习

The days are getting shorter and shorter.

I hope you won’t get over tired.

We got caught in the traffic jam on our way here.

Be carefull, or you may get burnt.

I am getting an old man.

Our school is getting a key school.

We’d better get starting at once.

※ 重点操练

In that school, all the teachers get ______ by the week.(付酬)

二、操练巩固

I、翻译下列词语

1、使欢乐,款待

 

2、直到现在

 

3、对…满足

 

4、预算,开支

 

5、喜剧

 

6、碰撞,与……碰撞

 

7、陷入,被卷入

 

8、内容, 目录

 

9、使信服

 

10、穷的,穷困潦倒的

 

11、捣碎,分解,失灵

 

12、特殊的,特别的

 

13、在……边缘

 

14、挑出,辨认出

 

15、手势,姿态,做手势

 

16、时刻,场所

 

17、切断,断绝

 

18、主演,担任主角

 

19、以……为背景

 

20、私语,耳语,密谈

 

21、皮革

 

22、杰出的,突出的

 

23、战胜,克服,征服

 

 

 

II. 根据语境填写适当的词

第一组:

vast, swing, astonish, overcome, snowstorm, slide, whisper, pancake, content, boil, fortunate, cruel, mountainous

1 Look! Some children are riding on the roller-coaster; others are playing on the ______ .
2 She ________ injury to win the Olympic gold medal.
3 In English classes, teachers often show us  ________.
4 I had a ________ and a few steamed buns for breakfast.
5 As we know, water _________ at 100℃.
6 It was _________ of the mother to kill her own kid.
7 French has many ________ regions for skiing in winter.
8 I was so ________ to get the first prize that I felt very excited.
9 I am not ________ to stay in my present job so I am considering changing a new one.
10 She ________ to me that she was afraid to tell her mother the result.
11 On their way back to the campsite they were caught in a ________ .
12 It made me really _______ that he had known all about our secret plan.
13 Canada is a country with ________ land but less population.

第二组:

failure, bottom, fortune, particular, worn-out, sense, outstanding, chew, homeless, entertain, throughout, difficulty, direct

14 I thank you for your kindness from the ________ of my heart.
15 Some kids are very ________ about food, that is, they don’t have a balanced diet.
16 Old Li is very popular with us, for he has a good ________ of humour.
17 After the operation you may find it hard to _________ and swallow(吞咽).
18 He _________ us all with a few interesting jokes.
19 I am a beginner of the English language and have some _________ with its pronunciation.
20 I am not sure whether there is a _________ train to Beijing, or you will have to transfer.
21 Basketball is played _________ the world. Lots of people go in for it.
22 After the severe flood, many people became ________ and they didn’t have food.
23 Lincoln is one of the _________ presidents of the American history.
24 Throw away your _________ shoes and buy a new pair.
25 He made a big ________ during the stay in South Africa.
26 The whole plan was completely a ________.

III. A核心词汇 根据句子意思写出括号内所给中文的正确形式。

1.Don’t be____________(挑剔的)about your friends,or you’ll end up not having any.

2.Considering his age,I am quite____________(满意的)with his performance in the play.

3.Success is not measured by the position you attain,but by the difficulties you__________(克服).

4.  The thief____________(溜进)into the house without anyone noticing him.

5.The____________(手势)that involves making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger has different meanings in different cultures.

6.Seeing my arrival,he came over and____________(低语)something in my ear.

7.At first it looks quite ____________ (普通的),but there is something special about it.

8.As a musician he was a ____________(失败者),but as an artist a great success.

9.用 convince 的适当形式填空

(1)We took their suggestion because their explanation was____________.

(2)I need to be ____________ of the point of doing this before I do it.

10.用occasion;occasional;occasionally填空

(1)I call on him ____________.That is to say,I don’t visit him frequently.

(2)It’s really awful of you to dress so casually on such a formal____________.

(3)An ____________ accident is part of the course of a day.

B根据下列中文提示完成下面短文:(每空只填一词)

由二十个同学组成的的英语演讲俱乐部将于本周五举行第一场演讲比赛。为了在比赛现场有良好的表现,选手们正在做充分的准备。一些选手利用午休时间训练,另一些选手则在晚修前训练。令大家感到高兴的是,所有选手都以积极的态度对待比赛。他们说,他们会特别注意语调,因为他们认为演讲时,语调可以表达他们的感情。总的来说,选手们都代表该班最高的英语水平,相信他们都会有出色的表现。大家认为,英语演讲比赛将使同学们对学英语更加热情。

The English Speech Club which is made up of twenty students will hold its first contest this Friday. 1)___________ are making full 2)___________ for it in order to 3)___________ better at the speech. Some practice at noon without rest; others do before they have evening class. To everyone’s 4)___________, many a 5)___________ show 6)___________ attitude towards the contest. They say they will pay 7)___________ attention to the intonation because they think while 8)___________ a speech, intonation will surely 9)___________ their feelings. By and large, they stand for the best English level of the whole class and we 10)___________ that they will give wonderful 11)___________. It is believed that the contest will make students more 12)___________ about learning English.

IV. 根据本单元课文内容填写恰当的单词(每空一词)

Charlie Chaplin was one of the greatest     ①   actors in the world. He was born in a poor family in 1889. He was taught to sing and    ②   when she was very young because both of his parents were poor music hall    ③   .By his teens, he had become one of the most famous child  ④     in England . People were interested in his acting which made everything     ⑤   . With time going by, he began making films. His films were so    ⑥   that people all over the world like watching them. He not only   ⑦   films, but also   ⑧   in them. In 1972 he was given a special    ⑨    for his outstanding work in films. He died in Switzerland in 1977. He is loved and remembered as a great actor who could     ⑩   people with great confidence.

V. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子.

1. 他匆忙赶到机场,结果被告知航班推迟了。(only to do)

2. 玛丽花了很长时间才从那家商店挑选了一件漂亮的衣服。(pick out)

3. 我们不应该抱怨我们太贫穷,因为有很多家庭比我们更穷。(complain about ; be badly off)

4. 你需要让你的面试官相信你有驾驭这份工作的能力。(convince sb of sth)

5. 那位富人厌倦了城市生活,因而他愿意生活在乡下。(be tired of ; be content to do )

6. 每一次我看见他,他都显得很忧郁。(look depressed)

7. 我花了很长时间才让他相信我是诚实的。(convince sb. of sth或 convince him that)

8. 约翰的数学比迪克好。(be superior to)

9. 他所说的非常重要,一定要记住。(be of importance = important)

10. 虽然被打败了,但我们并没有泄气。(用省略句)

  

一、重点导学

1、break away  2、content  3、leave / keep  4、badly off  5、goes by  6、throughout  7、pick out 

8、be cut off  9、whispered  10、paid

二、操练巩固

I、

1、entertain   2、up to now   3、feel/be content with  4、budget   5、comedy   6、bump into  7、be/ get caught in sth.   8、content   9、convince   10、badly off   11、break down   12、particular   13、on the edge of   14、pick out   15、gesture  16、occasion   17、cut off   18、star in   19、be set in   20、whisper   21、leather   22、outstanding   23、overcome  

II.

第一组:1 swing(s)  2 overcame  3 slides  4 pancake  5 boils  6 cruel  7 mountainous  8 fortunate  9 content 

10 whispered  11 snowstorm  12 astonished  13 vast 
第二组:14 bottom  15 particular  16 sense  17 chew  18 entertained  19 difficulty  20 direct 

21 throughout  22 homeless  23 outstanding  24 worn-out  25 fortune  26 failure

III.

A  1.particular 2.content 3.overcome 4.slid 5.gesture  6.whispered 7.ordinary 8.failure 9.(1)convincing (2)convinced 10.(1)occasionally (2)occasion (3)occasional

B  1)Participants   2)preparations  3)behave   4)delight   5)participant   6)positive  7)special

   8)making   9)convey   10)believe  11)performances  12)enthusiastic

IV. ①comedy  ②dance    ③performers  ④actors  ⑤entertaining  ⑥funny    ⑦directed  ⑧starred     ⑨Oscar   ⑩inspire

IV.

1. He hurried to the airport only to be told the plane had been put off.

2. It took Mary a long time to pick out a beautiful dress at the store.

3. We shouldn’t complain about being poor because many families are much worse off.

4. You need to convince your interviewer of your ability to master the work.

5. That rich man is tired of city life,so he is content to live in the country.

6. Every time I see him, he looks depressed.

7. It took me long to convince him of my honesty / to convince him that I was honest.

8. John is superior to Dick in mathematics.

9. What he said is of great importance/ is very important. Keep/Bear it in mind.

10. Though (we were)beaten, we were not discouraged.

 

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