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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高考英语二轮复习 第一篇 小专题纠错 专题四 形容词和副词  

2014-04-01 09:11:14|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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(理一理)

1、  多个形容词修饰一个名词。

2、  比较级前加the情况。

3、  比较级表示最高级。

4、  与形容词同型副词和其后加ly副词辨析。

5、  比较级易错盘点。(如 more cleverer,  more and more strong)

6、  比较级的特殊用法(no better, a better…)

 (试一试)(高考真题)

1、——Volunteering is becoming           popular in China .

——Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves.

A. naturally         B. successfully        C. splendidly        D. increasingly

2、In this lecture , I can only give you a purely          view of how we can live life to the full and make some suggestions about the future.

A. private        B. personal              C. unique           D. different

3、Ernest visited the South Pole because he wanted to see one of the          regions in the world.

       A.colder                  B.coldest                C.more coldly          D.most coldly

4、Studies show that people are more        to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours.                                          

A. likely          B. possible          C. probable          D. sure   

5、Computers and mobile phones, though they are indeed making our life          and more          have reduced the need for face-to-face communication.

A. easily; efficient           B. easy, efficient            C. easy; efficiently    D. easily; efficiently

6. It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is ______ another to play it well yourself.

  A. quite    B. very    C. rather     D. much

7. Mr. Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn’t ask for a ______ boss.

  A. better    B. good     C. best      D. still better

8. The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be      the present one。                   

A.as three times big as     B. three times as big as

C. as big as three times      D. as big three times as

9. ______, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end.

  A. Hopefully    B. Normally   C. Thankfully     D. Conveniently

10. Nowedays,      increase in children’s creativity,for they are greatly encouraged to drevelop their tilents.

A.sharp   B.slight   C.natural    D.modest

(查一查)

 单项选择

1、This _______ girl is Mary’s cousin, who is very lovely.                  

        A.pretty little Spanish    B.Spanish little pretty

C.Spanish pretty little    D.little pretty Spanish

2、—Let me help you , Tom !

—Thank you . I can do it. Here’s         to hold all these things .

   A. a big enough case   B.an enough big case   C. a case enough big   D.a case big enough

3、—How did you find your visit to Disneyland?

—I enjoyed it very much. It was _____ than I had expected.

   A. far more interested   B. far more interesting   C. so interesting   D. even more interested

4、— Yao Ming has begun his new season in NBA.

—Yes, he couldn’t have wished for a ____ start to the new NBA year. He scored 19 points in 20 minutes in the opening game.

   A. better      B. good     C. nice       D. best

5、—George is a wise person .

—But in my opinion , he is         than wise .

   A. cleverer                 B.braver                C. more brave           D.less brave

6、—Could we stay here for the night?    —Sorry. I have ____ to hold you all.

   A. too small a room   B. very small a room   C. a too small room   D. such small a room

7、—What a pity ! I’ve not got a ticket for the football match .

    —Don’t worry . It’ll be broadcast         .

   A. live          B.lively    C. alive    D.living

8、He’s not got another job yet and it’s not ______ he will for some time.

      A. likely              B. easily                  C. nearly                    D. lonely

9、It’s widely known that first aid is      important and you can save lives if the right action is taken.

   A. terribly                   B.hardly                 C. scarcely                D.rarely

10、Ten years ago the population of our village was ______that of theirs.    
A. as twice large as            B. twice as large as    C. twice as much as           D. as twice much as

11、The       means of getting from place to place in the city is the bus.
    A. most commonly useful public        B. most commonly public used
    C. public used more commonly          D. most commonly used public

12、—I didn’t do well in this English examination. How about you?    —I did ________ you.

A. not better than    B. no worse than   C. as well as   D. no better than

13、After the long journey, the three of them went back home, ______.

A. hungry and tiredly                B. hungry and tired

C. hungrily and tiredly               D. hungrily and tired

14、The committee is discussing the problem right now. it will _______ have been solved by the end of next week.

A. eagerly              B. hopefully               C. immediately           D. gradually

15、My brother is a careful driver, but he drives ______ of my friends.

A. more carefully    B. the most carefully  C. less carefully    D. the least carefully

单词拼写

1、  My train was 20 minutes late in the morning and there was a_______ (相似的)delay in the evening.

2、  Sleep is ______(必要) to health.

3、  The students were listening to the teacher __________(认真).

4、  I changed into my sports shoes so that I could walk more ________(舒适)

5、  We've got to be ________ (实际)and buy only what we need.

6、  All the boys were standing up _________(笔直).

7、  Don't be frightened by the television camera. Just speak____________(自然地)

8、  She looks ________ (熟悉)to me, but I don’t remember her names.

9、  _______(大体) speaking , parents care more about their children's health than about their own.

10、I can't tell one from the other because they are only ________(稍微)different.

单句改错

1、  The boy is very afraid that his mother will scold him.

2、  You must finish this foolish business as quickly as possible.

3、  Our English teacher loves us and teaches well and he is good thought of.

4、  The flower is very small, but it smells pleasantly.

5、  Messages that we are not direct aware of are often the most powerful.

6、  In this lab Dr Smith is free to do his research some way he wants.

7、  The problem will be farther discussed at the meeting tomorrow.

8、  The park is said to be one of the more beautiful parks which were entirely destroyed in Qing Dynasty.

9、  The tree in front of the house is twice as higher as what it was five years ago.

10、The tomatoes I picked are much more redder than yours .

参考答案

 

试一试

1. D naturally 自然地; successfully 成功地; splendidly辉煌地;壮丽地;increasingly 日益;越来越多地。根据句意可知选D。

2. B private 私有的;私营的; personal 个人的;私人的; unique 独一无二的;唯一的;仅有的; different 不同的。句意:这次演讲中,我只能就如何让生活变得更充实给出纯粹个人的观点并对未来提出一些建议。

3. B 从in the world 可知,本题有比较范围,所以要用最高级。Cold是单音节词,构成最高级时直接加-est;又因为所缺词用来修饰名词regions, 所以要用形容词。

4. A 句意:研究表明如果人们长时间坐在电脑前更可能会患背部疾病。probable, likely, possible都有“可能的”的意思,但likely可用于 be likely to do句型和It is likely that…句型;而probable 和possible只能用于 It is probable / possible that句型中。

5. B 句意:计算机和电脑---虽然能使我们的生活变得更便捷更高效---但减少了面对面交流的需要了。and连接两个并列成分。

6. A “喜欢听音乐是一回事,但你自己演奏好完全是另一回事”。quite another“完全不同”。

7. A  比较级用于否定句表示最高级。“我再也找不到比他更好的老板了”。他是最好的。比较级表示最高级含义的句型请参阅“查一查”第四题。

8. B 此题考查倍数表达。参阅“查一查”第十题。

9. C 此题考查副词。thankfully“幸亏”(用于表示高兴或宽慰)。

10. A 句意:当今,孩子的创造力急剧提高,因为他们被鼓励去开发个人才能。sharp“急剧的” slight“轻微的”  natural“自然的”  modest“谦虚的”。故选A。

查一查

单项选择

参考答案

1、A  多个形容词修饰同一名词。同学们可以按下面顺口溜记忆。

   (1)前代数,美小圆旧黄,法国木书房。

   (2)限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和新老,颜色来源出材料,作用类别往后靠。

    (3)县(限)官(观)行(形)令(龄)宴(颜)国(产地)才

2、A  本题考查enough与形容词连用时的位置关系。当enough修饰形容词或副词时,enough应放在形容词、副词之后,故选A。

3、B   本题考查形容词及其比较等级的用法。interesting 一般用来修饰事物,interested 一般用来修饰人,可排除A、D。比较等级前可用much、a lot、any、a little、 far等表示程度的副词来修饰。故选B。

4、A  形容词的比较等级表示最高级含义。

   (1) 主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than any other + 可数名词单数

That student is taller than any other student in his class. 那个学生比他班里任何一个同学都高。

特别提示:

“主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than any other + 可数名词单数”句型只能用于同一范围的比较,如果要表示不同范围的比较用“主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than any + 可数名词单数”句型。

China is larger than any country in Africa. 中国比非洲任何一个国家都大。

(2)主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than the other / any of the other + 可数名词复数

 That student is taller than the other students in his class. 那个学生比他班里所有同学都高。

(3)主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than +不定代词 +else

 That student is taller than anybody else in his class. 那个学生比他班里其他人都高。

 特别提示:

“主语 + 谓语 + 比较级 than +不定代词 +else”句型要注意不定代词要和主语一致。

(4)不定代词 + 谓语 + as… as…  / so… as…

 Nobody in his class is as tall as him.  他班里没人像他一样高。

 Everybody in his class is not so tall as him. 他班里每一个人都没有他高。

 特别提示:

 as… as…用于肯定;so… as…用于否定。

(5)比较级用于否定句表示最高级

 You can’t buy a better present. 你买不到比这个更好的礼物了。

5、C  more…than…与其说…,倒不如说…,多用来对某一事物内部不同性质的比较。与其说他聪明,倒不如说他勇敢。故选C。

6、A  本题考查形容词与too连用时的特殊词序。当形容词与too,how, as, so,this, that连用时,词序是:too/how/as/too/ this /that+形容词+a/an+名词。需要注意的是,该结构必须有冠词。B、D则应分别改为:a very small room; such a small room .故选A。

7、 A   live adj :活的,现场直播的,adv,以直播方式; lively精力充沛的; alive活着的; living 活着的,有生命的。根据句意,足球比赛将现场直播。故选A。

8、A  likely 形容词,意为“有可能的”,easily 、nearly为副词, lonely 意思不适合,故选A。

9、A  terribly : 很,非常,hardly 几乎不,scarcely  仅仅、几乎不,rarely 不常。由句意知,急救是非常重要的。故选A。

10、倍数表达法  表示倍数的词永远放在前面。另外,本题描述人口,描述人口多少一般用large /small.

   (1)倍数(百分数)+ 形容词比较级 + than + 比较对象      增加…倍

This room is three times bigger than that one. 这个房子比那个房子大三倍。

   (2)倍数+ as +形容词原形 + as + 比较对象   是…的几倍

This room is three times as big as that one.     这个房子是那个房子的三倍。

  (3)倍数 + up on +比较对象         增加…倍

The number of students in our school now is 200% up on that of last year.

我们学校现在的学生数量比去年增加了两倍。

  (4)倍数 + over +比较对象      增加…倍

The number of students in our school now is 200% over that of last year.

我们学校现在的学生数量比去年增加了两倍。

   ( 5) 倍数 + the + 名词 + of +比较对象    是…的几倍

   This bridge is three times the length of that one.

这座桥的长度是那座桥的三倍。

11、A  首先,形容词useful前置修饰名次public;然后副词commonly前置修饰形容词useful。而表示最高级的most要放在形容词、副词前。

12、D   no better than =as badly as一样不好。

13、B   形容词作状语表示状态,放在句首或句末。另外,and连接的结构前后要一致。

14、B   副词词义辨析    eagerly急切地;hopefully 有希望地;immediately 立刻;马上; gradually逐渐地。“委员会正在讨论那个问题,有望下周末被解决”。

15、D  “虽然我哥哥是个认真的人,但他开车在他朋友中是最不小心的”。

单词拼写

1、similar    2、necessary    3、attentively    4、comfortably    5、practical     

6、straight  7、naturally   8、familiar    9、Generally     10、slightly

单句改错

1、very 改为 quite: Very不能修饰表语形容词 afraid , alive , asleep , alike , awake 等。表语形容词有自己的修饰词(wide/half  awake ,  be fast / deep/sound asleep ,  be quite alone,   be very much alive)

2、quickly改为soon:  quickly表示动作的速度快;soon表示动作在不久的将来能完成。

3、good改为well / highly: “高度评价某人” 用 think well / highly of sb.句型表示。

4、pleasantly改为pleasant:  smell为感官动词,感官动词后只能跟形容词,不可以跟副词。

5、direct改为directly: 副词修饰形容词aware。

6、some改为any:  some ways “一些方法”;any ways“任何方法”。

7、farther改为further:  farther表示“更远”;further表示“更进一步”。

8、more改为most: “one of… + 名词复数”句型中,如果用形容词,形容词必须用最高级。

9、higher改为high: as…as中只能加形容词或副词的原级。

10、去掉more: 比较级前可以用much, even, far, a lot, a great deal等词修饰,就是不能用more。

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