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杨吉辉,西安市育才中学高级英语教师,民进会员。《中学英语教学参考》编辑部特邀编委,陕西师范大学外语学院教育硕士导师,论文评审及答辩委员会委员,陕西省首批网上支教教师。参与编写出版《 3+x 高考英语突破》《高中会考单元检测》《胜券在握》《胜券》《榜上有名2010陕西省高考新题型核心突破》《榜上有名语法分册》《榜上有名2011年高考一轮复习》《高考密码2012陕西一轮总复习》等 10 余部教辅资料。愿意为中学生朋友答疑解惑。

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高考英语二轮复习 第一篇 小专题纠错 专题五 介词和连词  

2014-10-04 17:26:42|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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(理一理)

1、  易混介词辨析(except和besides;between 和among等)

2、  介词的固定搭配。

3、  连词+现在分词或过去分词。

4、  When, while 和as引导时间状语从句。

5、  Because, since, as, for 引导原因状语从句。

6、  So…that…和such…that…引导结果状语从句。

7、  Though; although 和as引导让步状语从句。

8、  连词引导状语从句时的省略。

(试一试)(高考真题)

1、Tired, Jim was fast asleep with his back          a big tree.

A. in          B. below             C. beside          D. against

2、My father warned me      going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists.

A. by      B. on     C. for     D. against

3、I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just ______ .

   A. by nature       B. in return      C. in case         D. by chance

4、The dictionary  is what I  want, but I don’t  have  enough  money______ me.

A. by      B. for     C. in      D. with

5. Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break ______ she got to her office.

  A. since    B. that     C. when     D. until

6. This shop will be closed for repairs            further notice.
 A. with           B. until           C. for             D. at

7. It was a nice meal,_______a little expensive.
 A. though           B. whether          C. as            D. since

8. Shirly, a real book lover, often bring home many books to read ______ the library.

  A. in   B. for    C. by    D. from

9. Frank insisted that he was not asleep ______ I had great difficulty in waking him up.

  A. whether     B. although     C. for    D. so

10. As is reported, it is 100 years ______ Qinghua University was founded.

   A. when      B. before     C. after    D. since

(查一查)

单项选择

1、Alone as she is, she is kept so busy with her work for women’s rights that she feels ____ lonely.

A. nothing but    B. none but      C. everything but       D. anything but

2、Jack had traveled six miles across the Channel  _____his engine failed and was forced to land on the sea .     

       A.when                 B.until                   C.after                   D.since

3、—What do you mean ______ saying “The boy is overgrowing”?

—I mean that he is tall ____ his age.

A. as to, for    B. by, for      C. about, with       D. by, to

4、      I read those words I had no idea what I was going to be and I made more efforts on writing afterwards.

A.When                  B.Unless                 C.Until                   D.While

5、_____ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it.

   A. Even though      B. Unless      C. As long as      D. While

6、It is not easy to learn English well , but if you hang       , you will succeed in the end .

       A.up                      B.about                  C.on                      D.down

7、-What are you going to do this afternoon?  -I’ll probably go for a walk later on _______ it stays fine.

       A.as far as              B.so long as            C.even if                D.as though

8、Teachers should create an environment     ___children are taught how to solve problems of learning by themselves.

       A.why                   B.where                   C.which                D.whose

9、The car crashed into the back of a truck and the driver was trapped for about an hour    being taken to hospital.

      A.when              B.before     C.after          D.until

10、They were hunting for a person      him       a stepping stone.

       A.like; as      B.like; like    C.as; like      D.as; as

11、“How could you lose so much money?” Charlie asked his wife, eyeing her angrily from       ______the kitchen table.

       A.at                       B.across                 C.through               D.on

12、I’m thinking about going to Germany this summer and I need your advice. You’re the best person I know to answer my questions,      you’re German.

       A.after                   B.before                 C.for                      D.unless

13、—It seems that his health is improving.

—Yes. It is ten years ___ he _____.

A. that, smoked     B. after, didn’t smoke    C. since, smoked     D. before, smoked

14、        running , learning English needs will.

       A.As with              B.As to                  C.As for                D.As if

15、The pretty girl is known ____ the public ____ a little film star ____ her excellent performance in a film.
  A. in; as; with   B. to; as; for   C. among; with; in   D. by; for; because of

单句改错

1、In the Bronze Age, people could make tools from copper and bronze.

2、After five hours’ drive, they reached where they thought was the place they’d been dreaming of.

3、I handed out my paper without checking carefully, so there were a lot of mistakes.

4、Dress warmly, and you’ll catch cold. You see the flu is spreading quickly.

5、Many parents are wondering what it is what draws their sons’ attention on the QQ chat on the Internet.

6、The suit fitted him well except the color was a little brighter.

7、Whatever difficult the work may be, we must go all out to finish it ahead of time.

8、These leaves turn color and fall to the ground is a sign of early winter.

9、If you want to telephone him, you’ll have to look through the number in the telephone directory.

10、I tried hard to get on the bus, but when I could, It started moving.

参考答案

 

试一试

1. D  with his back 和后面的介词短语构成with复合结构。Against a big tree“靠(倚)着一棵大树”。

2. D  句意:爸爸警告我不要到西海岸,因为那里游客太多了。against反对;by靠;借着;on在…上;for为了。

3. C 根据题中“I guess we’ve already talked about this before”可知,说话人向对方再次询问是为了确认一下以防万一。by nature 就本质而言;天生地; in return作为回报;in case假如;万一;by chance碰巧。

4. D with 随身带着。 易选错B项;如果空格后是it,就选for。

5. C 考查引导时间状语从句的从属连词。根据句意排除B项。句意:由于交通拥挤,她到办公室时已经是午休时间了。

6. D 句意:直到另行通知前,这家店将停业修理。until“直到”。

7. A “那顿饭真美味,尽管有些贵。”though“尽管”,引导让步状语从句。该句使用了省略形式,补全后为“though it was a little expensive.”注意as也可以表示 “尽管”, 引导让步状语从句,但as引导让步状语从句时必须使用倒装结构。

8. D 句意:Shirly是一个真正的图书爱好者,她经常从图书馆带很多书回家阅读。From表示“从”。

9. B although 连词。“虽然;尽管”,引导让步状语从句。“虽然我费了很大劲才叫醒他,但Frank坚持认为他没睡着。”

10. D since“从……以来”。此题考查句型“It is +段时间 + since从句”“从…到现在已经多长时间了”。

查一查

单项选择

1、D   anything but绝对不。尽管她是独自一人,但她忙于妇女权益工作,以至于她绝不感到寂寞。故选D。

2、A   when; at this moment suddenly,正在这时突然,引导时间状语

3、B   by 靠,通过;for对于···而言,你说那句话什么意思?我的意思是对于他的年龄而言,他是比较高的。

4、C  本句句意为:直到我读了这些话,我才知道我将来干什么。此题是not···until的变式结构。故选C。

5、C  “我不担心钱的安全问题”的前提条件是:“只要我知道钱是安全的。”as long as,只要。故选C。

6、C  本题考查hang加不同介词的用法。hang up挂断;搁置;hang about闲荡;徘徊;hang on抓紧;坚持;hang down 垂下来。如果你坚持,你会成功的。

7、B  连词词义辨析。as far as就…而言;so long as=as long as 只要;even if即使;as though=as if 似乎;好像。只要天晴我可能会去散步。

8、B  考查定语从句关系词。先行词environment表示地点,故用where引导定语从句。

9、B  before前有表示一段时间的词时,before意为“...之后才”。司机被困一个小时后才被送往医院。

10、A  like;像;as;作为,他们正寻找像他这样人作为垫脚石。故选A。

11、B   from across the kitchen:从餐桌那头儿。

12、C  你之所以是最合适的人选来回答我去德国旅游应注意的问题,是因为你是德国人嘛!for引导并列句,对前面的事实做出解释说明。故选C。

13、C  在It’s··· since···句中,若动词为延续性动词,则表示其动词的反义概念。It’s 10 years since he smoked.表示他已戒烟十年了。等于It’s 10 years since he gave up smoking. 故选C。

14、A  as with正如,正像,as to 至于、关于,as for至于,就····而言,as if似乎,如像,正如跑步一样,学习英语也需要坚强的意志。故选A。

15、本题考查 be known加不同介词的用法。be known to sb“为某人所熟知”;be known as +身份 “作为…而出名”;be known for…“由于…而出名”。

单句改错

参考答案

1、  1、from 改为of:  make from “由…制成”(看不出原材料); make of “由…制成”(能看出原材料)

2、  2、where 改为what: 此句的关键是they thought。they thought 在此句中是插入语,不做句子成分,where应该是句子的主语,但由于where是副词,不能作主语,所以要改为what。

3、out 改为 in:  hand out “分发”; hand in “上交”。

4、and 改为 or:  此句型中,前半部分用祈使句表示条件句,中间用and或or连接,and表示递进关系;or表示转折关系。这里是转折关系,所以用or。

5、第二个what改为that: 此句的宾语从句是一个强调句型的特殊问句。第一个what是被强调部分,所以后面应该用连词that而不是what。

6、except后加 that:  except为介词,其后所跟句子为宾语从句,属于名词性从句,名词性从句一定要有连接代词或连接副词引导。

7、whatever 改为however:  whatever 和however都可表示“无论…”,但whatever 后跟名词;而however后跟形容词或副词。

8、These改为That: 连词错误:系动词is前为主语从句。主语从句用连接词连接,而非指示代词。另外,主语从句成分完整,所以只能用that。

9、though改为up:  look up…in…在…里查。

10、when改为before: 根据句意 “我努力想上车,但我还没上去,车就开始启动了”。表示“尚未,未及”

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